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DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.136
Document author version
Title (Primary) Sulfidation of ZVI/AC composite leads to highly corrosion-resistant nanoremediation particles with extended life-time
Author Vogel, M.; Georgi, A.; Kopinke, F.-D.; Mackenzie, K. ORCID logo
Source Titel Science of the Total Environment
Year 2019
Department TUCHEM
Volume 665
Page From 235
Page To 245
Language englisch
Keywords Carbo-Iron; Zero-valent iron; Dechlorination; Anaerobic corrosion; Sulfidation
Abstract Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) is a powerful reductant for many water pollutants. The lifetime of nZVI in aqueous environments is one of its limitations. Sulfidation of the nZVI surface by reduced sulfur species is known to significantly modify the particle properties. In the present study we examined various post-synthesis sulfidation methods applied on Carbo-Iron, a composite material where iron nanostructures are embedded in colloidal activated carbon (AC) particles. In such cases, where ZVI is surrounded by carbon, sulfidation largely inhibits the anaerobic corrosion of ZVI in water whereas its dechlorination activity was slightly increased. Even at a very low molar S/Fe ratio of 0.004 a strong decrease of the corrosion rate by a factor of 65 was achieved, while concurrently dechlorination of tetrachloroethene (PCE) was accelerated by a factor of three compared to the untreated particles. As a consequence, over 98% of the reduction equivalents of the sulfidated ZVI were utilized for the reduction of the target contaminant (33 mg L−1 PCE) under simulated groundwater conditions. In a long-term experiment over 160 days the extended life-time and the preservation of the reduction capacity of the embedded ZVI were confirmed. Reasons for the modified reaction behavior of Carbo-Iron after sulfidation compared to previously studied nZVI are discussed. We hypothesize that the structure of the carbon-embedded iron is decisive for the observed reaction behavior. In addition to reaction rates, the product pattern is vastly different compared to that of sulfidated nZVI. The triple combination of ZVI, AC and sulfur makes the composite particle very suitable for practical in-situ applications.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Vogel, M., Georgi, A., Kopinke, F.-D., Mackenzie, K. (2019):
Sulfidation of ZVI/AC composite leads to highly corrosion-resistant nanoremediation particles with extended life-time
Sci. Total Environ. 665 , 235 - 245 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.136