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Title (Primary) High phenol degradation capacity of a newly characterized Acinetobacter sp. SA01: Bacterial cell viability and membrane impairment in respect to the phenol toxicity
Author Shahryari, S.; Zahiri, H.S.; Haghbeen, K.; Adrian, L.; Noghabi, K.A.;
Journal Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Year 2018
Department ISOBIO;
Volume 164
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Keywords Acinetobacter sp. SA01; Phenol biodegradation; Phenol toxicity; Flow cytometry; Membrane impairment; Cell viability; Scanning electron microscopy
Abstract An efficient phenol-degrading bacterial strain, belonging to Acinetobacter genus, was isolated and selected to study the impact of different environmentally relevant phenol concentrations on the degradation process. The bacterial isolate, labeled as Acinetobacter sp. SA01 was able to degrade the maximum phenol concentration of 1 g/l during 60 h at optimum condition of pH 7, 30 °C and 180 rpm. Aeration and initial cell density, the two important factors, were carefully examined in the optimal growth conditions. The results showed that these two variables related proportionally with phenol degradation rate. Further investigations showed no effect of inoculum size on the enhancement of degradation of phenol at over 1 g/l. Flow cytometry (FCM) study was performed to find out the relationship between phenol-induced damages and phenol degradation process. Single staining using propidium iodide (PI) showed increased cell membrane permeability with an increase of phenol concentration, while single staining with carboxyfluorescein diacetate (cFDA) demonstrated a considerable reduction in esterase activity of the cells treated with phenol at more than 1 g/l. A detailed investigation of cellular viability using concurrent double staining of cFDA/PI revealed that the cell death increases in cells exposed to phenol at more than 1 g/l. The rate of cell death was low but noticeable in the presence of phenol concentration of 2 g/l, over time. Phenol at concentrations of 3 and 4 g/l caused strong toxicity in living cells of Acinetobacter sp. SA01. The plate count method and microscopy analysis of the cells treated with phenol at 1.5 and 2 g/l confirmed an apparent reduction in cell number over time. It was assumed that the phenol concentrations higher than 1 g/l have destructive effects on membrane integrity of Acinetobacter sp. SA01. Our results also revealed that the toxicity did not reduce by increasing initial cell density. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination of bacterial cells revealed the surface morphological changes following exposure to phenol. The bacterial cells, with wizened appearance and wrinkled surface, were observed by exposing to phenol (1 g/l) at lag phase. A morphological change occurred in the mid-logarithmic phase as the bacterial cells demonstrated coccobacilli form as well as elongated filamentous shape. The wrinkled cell surface were totally disappeared in mid-stationary phase, suggesting that the complete degradation of phenol relieve the stress and direct bacterial cells toward possessing smoother cell membrane.
ID 21137
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=21137
Shahryari, S., Zahiri, H.S., Haghbeen, K., Adrian, L., Noghabi, K.A. (2018):
High phenol degradation capacity of a newly characterized Acinetobacter sp. SA01: Bacterial cell viability and membrane impairment in respect to the phenol toxicity
Ecotox. Environ. Safe. 164 , 455 - 466