Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
DOI / URL link
Document Shareable Link
Title (Primary) Measurement of Biodiversity (MoB): A method to separate the scale‐dependent effects of species abundance distribution, density, and aggregation on diversity change
Author McGlinn, D.J.; Xiao, X.; May, F.; Gotelli, N.J.; Engel, T.; Blowes, S.A.; Knight, T.M.; Purschke, O.; Chase, J.M.; McGill, B.J.;
Journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Year 2019
Department BZF; iDiv;
Volume 10
Issue 2
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T11;
Keywords accumulation curve; community structure; extent, grain; rarefaction curve; species-area curve; species richness; spatial scale
Abstract 1.Little consensus has emerged regarding how proximate and ultimate drivers such as productivity, disturbance, and temperature may affect species richness and other aspects of biodiversity. Part of the confusion is that most studies examine species richness at a single spatial scale and ignore how the underlying components of species richness can vary with spatial scale.

2.We provide an approach for the measurement of biodiversity (MoB) that decomposes changes in species rarefaction curves into proximate components attributed to: 1) the species abundance distribution, 2) density of individuals, and 3) the spatial arrangement of individuals. We decompose species richness by comparing spatial and nonspatial sample‐ and individual‐based species rarefaction curves that differentially capture the influence of these components to estimate the relative importance of each in driving patterns of species richness change.

3.We tested the validity of our method on simulated data, and we demonstrate it on empirical data on plant species richness in invaded and uninvaded woodlands. We integrated these methods into a new R package (mobr).

4.The metrics that mobr provides will allow ecologists to move beyond comparisons of species richness in response to ecological drivers at a single spatial scale towards a dissection of the proximate components that determine species richness across scales.
ID 21060
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=21060
McGlinn, D.J., Xiao, X., May, F., Gotelli, N.J., Engel, T., Blowes, S.A., Knight, T.M., Purschke, O., Chase, J.M., McGill, B.J. (2019):
Measurement of Biodiversity (MoB): A method to separate the scale‐dependent effects of species abundance distribution, density, and aggregation on diversity change
Methods Ecol. Evol. 10 (2), 258 - 269