Publication Details

Reference Category Book chapters
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) A national scale planning tool for agricultural droughts in Germany
Title (Secondary) Advanced tools for integrated water resources management
Author Zink, M.; Samaniego, L.; Kumar, R.; Thober, S.; Mai, J.; Schäfer, D.; Marx, A.;
Publisher Friesen, J.; Rodríguez-Sinobas, L.;
Journal Advances in Chemical Pollution, Environmental Management and Protection
Year 2018
Department CHS;
Volume 3
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T34;
Keywords Agricultural drought; Mesoscale Hydrological Model (mHM); Operational hydrological modeling; Real-time monitoring; Soil Moisture Index (SMI)
Abstract The 2003 drought event in Europe had major implications on many societal sectors, including energy production, health, forestry, and agriculture. The reduced availability of water accompanied by high temperatures led to substantial economic losses on the order of 1.5 billion euros, in agriculture alone. Furthermore, soil droughts have considerable impacts on ecosystems, forest fires, and water management. Monitoring soil water availability in near real-time and at high resolution, that is, 4 × 4 km2, enables water managers to mitigate the impact of these extreme events. The German Drought Monitor was established in 2014 as an online platform. It uses an operational modeling system that consists of four steps: (1) a daily update of observed meteorological data by the German Weather Service, with consistency checks and interpolation; (2) an estimation of current soil moisture using the mesoscale Hydrological Model; (3) calculation of a quantile-based Soil Moisture Index (SMI) based on a 60-year data record; and (4) classification of the SMI into five drought classes ranging from abnormally dry to exceptional drought. Finally, an easy-to-understand map is produced and published on a daily basis on www.ufz.de/droughtmonitor. Analysis of the ongoing 2015 drought event, which garnered broad media attention, shows that 75% of the German territory underwent drought conditions in July 2015. Regions such as Northern Bavaria and Eastern Saxony, however, have been particularly prone to drought conditions since autumn 2014. Comparisons with historical droughts show that the 2015 event is among the 10 most severe drought events observed in Germany since 1954 in terms of its spatial extent, magnitude, and duration.
ID 21035
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=21035
Zink, M., Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., Thober, S., Mai, J., Schäfer, D., Marx, A. (2018):
A national scale planning tool for agricultural droughts in Germany
In: Friesen, J., Rodríguez-Sinobas, L. (eds.)
Advanced tools for integrated water resources management
Advances in Chemical Pollution, Environmental Management and Protection 3
Elsevier, p. 147 - 169