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Title (Primary) Carbon conversion efficiency and limits of productive bacterial degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether and related compounds
Author Müller, R.H.; Rohwerder, T.; Harms, H.;
Journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Year 2007
Department UMB;
Volume 73
Issue 6
Language englisch;
Abstract The utilization of the fuel oxygenate methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and related compounds by microorganisms was investigated in a mainly theoretical study based on the YATP concept. Experiments were conducted to derive realistic maintenance coefficients and K values needed to calculate substrate fluxes available for biomass production. Aerobic substrate conversion and biomass synthesis were calculated for different putative pathways. The results suggest that MTBE is an effective heterotrophic substrate that can sustain growth yields of up to 0.87 g g-1, which contradicts previous calculation results (N. Fortin et al., Environ. Microbiol. 3:407-416, 2001). Sufficient energy equivalents were generated in several of the potential assimilatory routes to incorporate carbon into biomass without the necessity to dissimilate additional substrate, efficient energy transduction provided. However, when a growth-related kinetic model was included, the limits of productive degradation became obvious. Depending on the maintenance coefficient m and its associated biomass decay term b, growth-associated carbon conversion became strongly dependent on substrate fluxes. Due to slow degradation kinetics, the calculations predicted relatively high threshold concentrations, Smin, below which growth would not further be supported. Smin strongly depended on the maximum growth rate µma, and b and was directly correlated with the half maximum rate-associated substrate concentration K, meaning that any effect impacting this parameter would also change Smin. The primary metabolic step, catalyzing the cleavage of the ether bond in MTBE, is likely to control the substrate flux in various strains. In addition, deficits in oxygen as an external factor and in reduction equivalents as a cellular variable in this reaction should further increase K and Smin for MTBE.
ID 2101
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2101
Müller, R.H., Rohwerder, T., Harms, H. (2007):
Carbon conversion efficiency and limits of productive bacterial degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether and related compounds
Appl. Environ. Microb. 73 (6), 1783 - 1791