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Title (Primary) Nitrogen cycling and origin of ammonium during infiltration of treated wastewater for managed aquifer recharge
Author Silver, M.; Knöller, K.; Schlögl, J.; Kübeck, C.; Schüth, C.;
Journal Applied Geochemistry
Year 2018
Department CATHYD;
Volume 97
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
Keywords Wetting and drying cycles; Redox conditions; Ammonification; Nitrification; DNRA; Stable isotopes
Abstract As more regions in the world look to replenish depleted aquifers, treated wastewater (TWW) is increasingly infiltrated in managed aquifer recharge (MAR) schemes. While MAR is a promising emerging technology, it also has the potential to generate pollutants along the infiltration flow path. In this study, we infiltrated treated wastewater through an organic-rich soil in column experiments operated with wetting and drying cycles. Ammonium, which was present only in trace concentrations in the TWW, increased in concentration with depth and exceeded the EU Water Framework Directive limit of 0.5 mg/L for up to a year, depending on the sampling depth. Pore water samples collected at the end of drying periods showed very high nitrate concentrations, indicating nitrification of some of the ammonium. Oxidation reduction potential often exceeded 200 mV during drying periods, showing conditions for nitrification, but dropped below −100 mV during wetting periods, creating several possible pathways for ammonium production. Potential sources of ammonium are (1) dissolved organic nitrogen in the TWW, (2) nitrate in the TWW, and (3) organic nitrogen in the soil. δ15N in ammonium in pore water samples (mean 4.7‰) was slightly higher than δ15N in the soil (2.4‰), indicating that the soil was likely the major source but also that nitrate (mean 17.2‰) may have been the source of some of the ammonium. Fractionation of 15N in nitrate as well as high concentrations of acetate (a labile organic carbon source) also indicate that dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium may have formed some of the NH4+.
ID 20763
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=20763
Silver, M., Knöller, K., Schlögl, J., Kübeck, C., Schüth, C. (2018):
Nitrogen cycling and origin of ammonium during infiltration of treated wastewater for managed aquifer recharge
Appl. Geochem. 97 , 71 - 80