|Title (Primary)||The impact of ozone on the 15N incorporation and nitrogen assimilation of wheat and maize|
|Author||Möcker, D.; Hofmann, D.; Jung, K.; Bender, J.; Weigel, H.J.|
|Journal||Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies|
|Keywords||Glutamate dehydrogenase, glutamine synthetase, nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, nitrogen 15, ozone, stable isotopes, Tritium aestivum, Zea mays|
Young wheat (C3) and maize (C4) plants were exposed to near-ambient concentrations of ozone in open-top chambers in order to investigate the possible effects of ozone on nitrogen metabolism. Nitrogen was supplied to the plants by adding 15N-labelled tracer substances via the soil substrate. Enzyme activities (NADH nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, glutamine synthetase and NADH glutamate dehydrogenase) and the incorporation of 15N were determined.
The findings show that nitrogen metabolism was affected by O3, however, there were distinct differences between the two species. In plants treated with O3, NADH nitrate reductase activity in maize leaves was reduced, while NR activity in wheat leaves only slightly declined. Only minor changes were observed with respect to the activities of nitrite reductase, glutamine synthetase and NADH glutamate dehydrogenase.
Feeding experiments using 15NO3 − showed that the incorporation of nitrate nitrogen in wheat plants exposed to ozone remains virtually unchanged, whereas in maize plants reduced incorporation rates were observed for nitrate nitrogen. The incorporation of ammonium nitrogen was distinctly increased in wheat and maize by the impact of ozone.
When investigating pigment contents, reduced levels of chlorophyll a and b and carotenoids were observed, whereas the pigment content of wheat leaves remained unchanged. These results indicate that young maize plants are more susceptible than wheat plants to short-term ozone exposure.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=20475|
|Möcker, D., Hofmann, D., Jung, K., Bender, J., Weigel, H.J. (1996):
The impact of ozone on the 15N incorporation and nitrogen assimilation of wheat and maize
Isot. Environ. Health Stud. 32 (2-3), 181 - 190