|DOI / URL||link|
|Title (Primary)||Prices of over-the-counter drugs used by 15-year-old adolescents in Germany and their association with socioeconomic background|
|Author||Italia, S.; Wolfenstetter, S.B.; Brueske, I.; Heinrich, J.; Berdel, D.; von Berg, A.; Lehmann, I.; Standl, M.; Teuner, C.M.;|
|Journal||BMC Public Health|
|POF III (all)||F11;|
|Keywords||Adolescent; Drug utilization; Drug prices; Socioeconomic factors; Over-the-counter drugs|
|Abstract||Background: In Germany, over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are normally
reimbursed up to the age of 12 years only. The aim of this study was to
analyse prices of over-the-counter drugs used by adolescents in Germany
and their association with socioeconomic factors.
Methods: Based on the German GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts, data on drug utilization among 15-year-old adolescents (n = 4677) were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The reported drugs were subdivided into prescription drugs and OTC drugs. The drugs' prices were tracked by the pharmaceutical identification numbers.
Results: Overall, 1499 OTC drugs with clearly identifiable prices were eligible for analysis. Their mean price was (sic)9.75 (95% confidence interval: (sic)9.27-10.22). About 75% of the OTC drugs cost less than (sic)10. Higher mean prices were associated with residing in Munich ((sic)10.74; 95% confidence interval: (sic)9.97-11.52) and with higher paternal education (e.g. highest education level: (sic)10.17; 95% confidence interval: (sic)10.86). Adolescents residing in Munich (in comparison with the less wealthy region of Wesel) and adolescents with higher educated fathers were also significantly more likely to use OTC drugs costing >= (sic)10 or >= (sic)25, respectively.
Conclusions: The price of (sic)10 for non-reimbursable OTC drugs may represent a (psychological) threshold. Higher prices could discourage especially adolescents from a lower socioeconomic background from taking medically advisable but non-reimbursable OTC drugs.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=20465|
|Italia, S., Wolfenstetter, S.B., Brueske, I., Heinrich, J., Berdel, D., von Berg, A., Lehmann, I., Standl, M., Teuner, C.M. (2017):
Prices of over-the-counter drugs used by 15-year-old adolescents in Germany and their association with socioeconomic background
BMC Public Health 17 , art. 904