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Title (Primary) A new fully distributed model of nitrate transport and removal at catchment scale
Author Yang, X.; Jomaa, S.; Zink, M.; Fleckenstein, J.H.; Borchardt, D.; Rode, M.
Journal Water Resources Research
Year 2018
Department ASAM; CHS; HDG
Volume 54
Issue 8
Page From 5856
Page To 5877
Language englisch
Abstract Hydrological water quality models have gained wide acceptance from environmental scientists and water managers to address deterioration of surface water quality. Higher spatiotemporal accuracy of such models is increasingly required for better understanding the functional heterogeneity of catchments and improving management decisions at different governance levels. However, balancing spatial representation and model complexity remains challenging. We present a new flexibly designed, fully distributed nitrate transport and removal model (mHM‐Nitrate) at catchment scale. The model was developed mainly based on the mesoscale Hydrological Model (mHM) and the Hydrological Predictions for the Environment (HYPE) model. The mHM‐Nitrate model was tested in the Selke catchment (Central Germany), which is characterized by heterogeneous physiographic and land‐use conditions, using adequate observed hydrological and nitrate data at three nested gauging stations. Long term (1997‐2015) daily simulations showed that the model well reproduced the seasonal dynamics of biweekly nitrate observations in forested, agricultural and urban areas. High‐frequency measurements (2010‐2015) were additionally used to validate model performance of simulating short‐term changes in stream‐water concentrations that reflect changes in runoff partitioning and event‐based dilution effects. Uncertainty analysis confirmed the model's robustness. Moreover, model calculations showed that mean terrestrial nitrate input/output (in total 105 kg ha−1 yr−1) and in‐stream removal (8% of mean nitrate load) were in comparable ranges with literature, respectively. The new mHM‐Nitrate model is capable of providing detailed spatial information on nitrate concentrations and fluxes, which can motivate more specific catchment investigations on nitrate transport processes and provide guidance on spatially differentiated agricultural practices and measures.
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Yang, X., Jomaa, S., Zink, M., Fleckenstein, J.H., Borchardt, D., Rode, M. (2018):
A new fully distributed model of nitrate transport and removal at catchment scale
Water Resour. Res. 54 (8), 5856 - 5877