Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) Competition between cis, trans and cyclopropane fatty acid formation and its impact on membrane fluidity
Author Loffhagen, N.; Härtig, C.; Geyer, W.; Voyevoda, M.; Harms, H.;
Journal Engineering in Life Sciences
Year 2007
Department UMB; ANA;
Volume 7
Issue 1
Language englisch;
Keywords bacteria; fatty acids; membranes
Abstract The impact of cis, trans and cyclopropane fatty acids on membrane fluidity was investigated using batch-grown Pseudomonas putida P8 and Comamonas testosteroni ATCC 17454. A major difference observed between the two investigated strains is the absence of the ability to synthesize trans-unsaturated fatty acids in Comamonas. When grown exponentially at 30 °C, a shift to 35 °C increased the trans/cis ratios of the fatty acids of P. putida P8 from 0 to 0.81 and 0 to 1.07, in lipid extracts and cell hydrolyzates, respectively. After prolonged growth followed by nutrient deprivation for 48 h, both at 30 °C, trans fatty acids were absent, but the cyclo/cis ratios rose from 0.1 to 1.55 in lipid extracts, and from 0.1 to 1.54 in cell hydrolyzates. C. testosteroni ATCC 17454 contained no cyclo fatty acids when harvested in the exponential phase after 6 h, whereas after 72 h cultivation, the cyclo/cis ratios rose to 0.49 and 0.47, in lipid extracts and cell hydrolyzates, respectively. Trans fatty acids were never observed in this strain. Increased cyclo/cis and trans/cis ratios correlated with decreased fluidity measured by the fluorescence anisotropy of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) intercalated in the bilayers of liposomes and by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of lipids prepared from the cells. The specific effect of cyclopropane fatty acids on membrane fluidity was much smaller than that of trans fatty acids. FTIR-measurements of intact cells of P. putida P8 confirmed the high potency of trans fatty acids to decrease the fluidity. In cells with induced cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis, the membranes remained more fluidized, indicating the lower importance of these fatty acids for homeoviscosis.
ID 2020
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2020
Loffhagen, N., Härtig, C., Geyer, W., Voyevoda, M., Harms, H. (2007):
Competition between cis, trans and cyclopropane fatty acid formation and its impact on membrane fluidity
Eng. Life Sci. 7 (1), 67 - 74