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Title (Primary) Reductive tetrachloroethene dehalogenation in the presence of oxygen by Sulfurospirillum multivorans: physiological studies and proteome analysis
Author Gadkari, J.; Goris, T.; Schiffmann, C.L.; Rubick, R.; Adrian, L.; Schubert, T.; Diekert, G.;
Journal FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Year 2018
Department ISOBIO;
Volume 94
Issue 1
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Supplements https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/94/1/fix176/4693833#supplementary-data
Keywords oxygen respiration; anerobic respiration; reactive oxygen species; organohalide respiration; bioremediation; oxic/anoxic chemocline
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract Reductive dehalogenation of organohalides is carried out by organohalide-respiring bacteria (OHRB) in anoxic environments. The tetrachloroethene (PCE)-respiring Epsilonproteobacterium Sulfurospirillum multivorans is one of few OHRB able to respire oxygen. Therefore, we investigated the organism's capacity to dehalogenate PCE in the presence of oxygen, which would broaden the applicability to use S. multivorans, unlike other commonly oxygen-sensitive OHRB, for bioremediation, e.g. at oxic/anoxic interphases. Additionally, this has an impact on our understanding of the global halogen cycle. Sulfurospirillum multivorans performs dehalogenation of PCE to cis-1,2-dichloroethene at oxygen concentrations below 0.19 mg/L. The redox potential of the medium electrochemically adjusted up to +400 mV had no influence on reductive dehalogenation by S. multivorans in our experiments, suggesting that higher levels of oxygen impair PCE dechlorination by inhibiting or inactivating involved enzymes. The PCE reductive dehalogenase remained active in cell extracts of S. multivorans exposed to 0.37 mg/L oxygen for more than 96 h. Analysis of the proteome revealed that superoxide reductase and cytochrome peroxidase amounts increased with 5% oxygen in the gas phase, while the response to atmospheric oxygen concentrations involved catalase and hydrogen peroxide reductase. Taken together, our results demonstrate that reductive dehalogenation by OHRB is not limited to anoxic conditions.
ID 20152
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=20152
Gadkari, J., Goris, T., Schiffmann, C.L., Rubick, R., Adrian, L., Schubert, T., Diekert, G. (2018):
Reductive tetrachloroethene dehalogenation in the presence of oxygen by Sulfurospirillum multivorans: physiological studies and proteome analysis
FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 94 (1), fix176