Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.3390/en11030615
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Relative greenhouse gas abatement cost competitiveness of biofuels in Germany
Author Millinger, M.; Meisel, K.; Budzinski, M.; Thrän, D.
Source Titel Energies
Year 2018
Volume 11
Issue 3
Page From art. 615
Language englisch
Data and Software links
Keywords biofuels; greenhouse gas; ghg; abatement cost; modelling; competition
UFZ wide themes RU6;
Abstract Transport biofuels derived from biogenic material are used for substituting fossil fuels, thereby abating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Numerous competing conversion options exist to produce biofuels, with differing GHG emissions and costs. In this paper analysis and modelling of the long-term development of GHG abatement and relative GHG abatement cost competitiveness between crop-based biofuels in Germany is carried out. Presently dominant conventional biofuels and advanced liquid biofuels were found not to be competitive compared to the substantially higher yielding options available: sugar beet based ethanol for the short to medium term least-cost option and Substitute Natural Gas (SNG) for the medium to long term. The competitiveness of SNG was found to depend highly on the emissions development of the power mix. Silage maize based biomethane was found competitive on a land area basis, but not on an energetic basis. Due to land limitations as well as cost and GHG uncertainty, a stronger focus on the land use of crop-based biofuels should be laid in policy.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Millinger, M., Meisel, K., Budzinski, M., Thrän, D. (2018):
Relative greenhouse gas abatement cost competitiveness of biofuels in Germany
Energies 11 (3), art. 615 10.3390/en11030615