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Title (Primary) Determination of groundwater discharge rates and water residence time of groundwater-fed lakes by stable isotopes of water (18O, 2H) and radon (222Rn) mass balances
Author Petermann, E.; Gibson, J.J.; Knöller, K.; Pannier, T.; Weiß, H.; Schubert, M.;
Journal Hydrological Processes
Year 2018
Department ENVINF; CATHYD;
Volume 32
Issue 6
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T34;
Supplements https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1002%2Fhyp.11456&file=hyp11456-sup-0001-Supplement+data.docx
Keywords groundwater discharge; groundwater–lake interaction; isotope balance; radon; stable isotopes of water; water balance; water residence time
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract Lacustrine groundwater discharge (LGD) and the related water residence time are crucial parameters for quantifying lake matter budgets and assessing its vulnerability to contaminant input. Our approach utilizes the stable isotopes of water (δ18O, δ2H) and the radioisotope radon (222Rn) for determining long-term average and short-term snapshots in LGD. We conducted isotope balances for the 0.5-km2 Lake Ammelshainer See (Germany) based on measurements of lake isotope inventories and groundwater composition accompanied by good quality and comprehensive long-term meteorological and isotopic data (precipitation) from nearby monitoring stations. The results from the steady-state annual isotope balances that rely on only two sampling campaigns are consistent for both δ18O and δ2H and suggested an overall long-term average LGD rate that was used to infer the water residence time of the lake. These findings were supported by the good agreement of the simulated LGD-driven annual cycles of δ18O and δ2H lake inventories with the observed lake isotope inventories. However, radon mass balances revealed lower values that might be the result of seasonal LGD variability. For obtaining further insights into possible seasonal variability of groundwater–lake interaction, stable water isotope and radon mass balances could be conducted more frequently (e.g., monthly) in order to use the derived groundwater discharge rates as input for time-variant isotope balances.
ID 19984
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19984
Petermann, E., Gibson, J.J., Knöller, K., Pannier, T., Weiß, H., Schubert, M. (2018):
Determination of groundwater discharge rates and water residence time of groundwater-fed lakes by stable isotopes of water (18O, 2H) and radon (222Rn) mass balances
Hydrol. Process. 32 (6), 805 - 816