Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1002/2017EF000606
Title (Primary) Adaptation to flood risk: Results of international paired flood event studies
Author Kreibich, H.; Di Baldassarre, G.; Vorogushyn, S.; Aerts, J.C.J.H.; Apel, H.; Aronica, G.T.; Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K.; Bouwer, L.M.; Bubeck, P.; Caloiero, T.; Chinh, D.T.; Cortès, M.; Gain, A.K.; Giampá, V.; Kuhlicke, C.; Kundzewicz, Z.W.; Llasat, M.C.; Mård, J.; Matczak, P.; Mazzoleni, M.; Molinari, D.; Dung, N.V.; Petrucci, O.; Schröter, K.; Slager, K.; Thieken, A.H.; Ward, P.J.; Merz, B.
Source Titel Earth's Future
Year 2017
Department SUSOZ
Volume 5
Issue 10
Page From 953
Page To 965
Language englisch
Keywords flooding; vulnerability; global environmental change; adaptation
UFZ wide themes RU6;
Abstract As flood impacts are increasing in large parts of the world, understanding the primary drivers of changes in risk is essential for effective adaptation. To gain more knowledge on the basis of empirical case studies, we analyze eight paired floods, that is, consecutive flood events that occurred in the same region, with the second flood causing significantly lower damage. These success stories of risk reduction were selected across different socioeconomic and hydro-climatic contexts. The potential of societies to adapt is uncovered by describing triggered societal changes, as well as formal measures and spontaneous processes that reduced flood risk. This novel approach has the potential to build the basis for an international data collection and analysis effort to better understand and attribute changes in risk due to hydrological extremes in the framework of the IAHSs Panta Rhei initiative. Across all case studies, we find that lower damage caused by the second event was mainly due to significant reductions in vulnerability, for example, via raised risk awareness, preparedness, and improvements of organizational emergency management. Thus, vulnerability reduction plays an essential role for successful adaptation. Our work shows that there is a high potential to adapt, but there remains the challenge to stimulate measures that reduce vulnerability and risk in periods in which extreme events do not occur.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Kreibich, H., Di Baldassarre, G., Vorogushyn, S., Aerts, J.C.J.H., Apel, H., Aronica, G.T., Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K., Bouwer, L.M., Bubeck, P., Caloiero, T., Chinh, D.T., Cortès, M., Gain, A.K., Giampá, V., Kuhlicke, C., Kundzewicz, Z.W., Llasat, M.C., Mård, J., Matczak, P., Mazzoleni, M., Molinari, D., Dung, N.V., Petrucci, O., Schröter, K., Slager, K., Thieken, A.H., Ward, P.J., Merz, B. (2017):
Adaptation to flood risk: Results of international paired flood event studies
Earth Future 5 (10), 953 - 965 10.1002/2017EF000606