Publication Details

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Title (Primary) Anthropogenic habitat disturbance induces a major biodiversity change in habitat specialist bryophytes of boreal springs
Author Lehosmaa, K.; Jyväsjärvi, J.; Virtanen, R.; Ilmonen, J.; Saastamoinen, J.; Muotka, T.;
Journal Biological Conservation
Year 2017
Department iDiv; PHYDIV;
Volume 215
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T11;
Keywords Abundance-occupancy relations; Delayed extinctions; Groundwater-dependent ecosystems; Habitat generalists; Land drainage; Long-term changes; Spring specialists
UFZ wide themes RU1;
Abstract Land-use is a major driver of global biodiversity loss. Despite much evidence of land-use impacts on freshwater biodiversity, long-term changes to groundwater-dependent ecosystems, and their post-disturbance recovery, remain largely unknown. We examined long-term changes of bryophyte communities in 34 boreal springs from 1987 to 2015. In 1987, all the study springs were in near-pristine condition, but 29 of them were disturbed by peatland drainage in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Five sites retained their natural status throughout the study and were used as reference sites. We aimed to assess whether bryophyte vegetation, particularly spring specialist bryophytes, showed gradual recovery toward near-pristine conditions or whether the drainage-induced habitat degradation had caused delayed extinctions of specialists, leading to dominance by generalist taxa. Bryophyte diversity showed no signs of recovery about 20 years since the initial disturbance. In disturbed springs, the abundance of specialists first decreased, then remained relatively stable. Specialist richness decreased steadily and their community composition shifted gradually from the pre-disturbance state. Abundance of habitat generalists did not change but generalist richness also decreased with a time lag. At the same time, both groups remained unaltered in undisturbed springs. We conclude that without restoration measures that improve groundwater hydrology the self-recovery potential of springs is very low. As little is currently known about the effectiveness of spring restoration in halting spring biodiversity loss, the safest management strategy is to refrain from land use within broad buffers around springs
ID 19602
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19602
Lehosmaa, K., Jyväsjärvi, J., Virtanen, R., Ilmonen, J., Saastamoinen, J., Muotka, T. (2017):
Anthropogenic habitat disturbance induces a major biodiversity change in habitat specialist bryophytes of boreal springs
Biol. Conserv. 215 , 169 - 178