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Title (Primary) Processes at the sediment water interface after addition of organic matter and lime to an acid mine pit lake mesocosm
Author Koschorreck, M.; Bozau, E.; Frömmichen, R.; Geller, W.; Herzsprung, P.; Wendt-Potthoff, K.;
Journal Environmental Science & Technology
Year 2007
Department SEEFO;
Volume 41
Issue 5
Language englisch;
Abstract A strategy to neutralize acidic pit lakes was tested in a field mesocosm of 4500 m3 volume in the Acidic Pit Mine Lake 111 in Germany. Carbokalk, a byproduct from sugar production, and wheat straw was applied near to the sediment surface to stimulate in lake microbial alkalinity generation by sulfate and iron reduction. The biogeochemical processes at the sediment-water interface were studied over 3 years by geochemical monitoring and an in situ microprofiler. Substrate addition generated a reactive zone at the sediment surface where sulfate and iron reduction proceeded. Gross sulfate reduction reached values up to 10 mmol m-2 d-1. The neutralization rates between 27 and 0 meq m-2 d-1 were considerably lower than in previous laboratory experiments. The precipitation of ferric iron minerals resulted in a growing acidic sediment layer on top of the neutral sediment. In this layer sulfate reduction was observed but iron sulfides could not precipitate. In the anoxic sediment H2S was oxidized by ferric iron minerals. H2S partly diffused to the water column where it was oxidized. As a result the net formation of iron sulfides decreased after 1 year although gross sulfate reduction rates continued to be high. The rate of iron reduction exceeded the sulfate reduction rate, which resulted in high fluxes of ferrous iron out of the sediment.
ID 1950
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=1950
Koschorreck, M., Bozau, E., Frömmichen, R., Geller, W., Herzsprung, P., Wendt-Potthoff, K. (2007):
Processes at the sediment water interface after addition of organic matter and lime to an acid mine pit lake mesocosm
Environ. Sci. Technol. 41 (5), 1608 - 1614