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Title (Primary) Effects of benthic filamentous algae on the sediment–water interface in an acidic mining lake
Author Koschorreck, M.; Kleeberg, A.; Herzsprung, P.; Wendt-Potthoff, K.;
Journal Hydrobiologia
Year 2007
Department SEEFO;
Volume 592
Issue 1
Language englisch;
Keywords Periphyton; Diurnal; Sulphate reduction; Iron; Phosphorus; Zygogonium
Abstract Natural alkalinity generation by microbial sulphate reduction in acidic lakes is usually inhibited by the low pH and a low primary production which results in a lack of suitable organic carbon sources. In some acidic mining lakes mass developments of filamentous benthic algae occur. The effects of this periphyton layer on the biogeochemistry of the sediment-water interface were investigated by in situ microsensor measurements and laboratory incubations in Mining Lake Grünewalder Lauch (Germany). Microsensor measurements showed that the oxic-anoxic boundary was located in the periphyton layer and was moving up and down depending on light triggered photosynthesis. The sediment itself was permanently anoxic. The diurnal redox shift and the maintenance of neutral conditions in the periphyton layer lead to an effective precipitation of iron and phosphorus. Under the periphyton layer very high sulphate reduction rates up to 265 nmol cm-3 d-1 were measured in the sediment. These are the highest rates reported for mining lakes so far. The microbial activity was high enough to keep the pH in the surface sediment neutral and contributed to natural alkalinity production.
ID 1947
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=1947
Koschorreck, M., Kleeberg, A., Herzsprung, P., Wendt-Potthoff, K. (2007):
Effects of benthic filamentous algae on the sediment–water interface in an acidic mining lake
Hydrobiologia 592 (1), 387 - 397