Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.09.002
Title (Primary) Multitrophic interactions in the rhizosphere of a temperate forest tree affect plant carbon flow into the belowground food web
Author Maboreke, H.R.; Graf, M.; Grams, T.E.E.; Herrmann, S.; Scheu, S.; Ruess, L.
Source Titel Soil Biology & Biochemistry
Year 2017
Department BZF; BOOEK
Volume 115
Page From 526
Page To 536
Language englisch
Keywords Oak; Plant parasitic nematodes; Collembola; PLFAs: 13C labelling
UFZ wide themes RU1;
Abstract Tree roots and mycorrhizal fungi form an important resource for soil microinvertebrates; however, there is little knowledge on the role of root feeders and microbial grazers on belowground carbon flux of forest trees. Using oak (Quercus robur) microcuttings (Clone DF159) inoculated with an ectomycorrhizal symbiont partner (Piloderma croceum), the present study investigated the impact of multitrophic interactions in the rhizosphere on the carbon flow to the soil food web in a pulse-chase labelling experiment. Changes in plant biomass, microbial communities (soil phospholipid fatty acids - PLFAs) and Collembola lipid pattern (total lipid fatty acids - TLFAs) as well as the 13C incorporation into fatty acids were assessed at 2, 5 and 20 days post labelling of oak microcuttings. Microcosms were inoculated with Pratylenchus penetrans (root-feeding nematode), Protaphorura armata (fungal-feeding Collembola) or their combination. The interaction of P. penetrans and P. armata synergistically reduced oak biomass. Both soil animals independently impacted growth of microorganisms in the rhizosphere, P. penetrans inhibited whilst P. armata promoted bacterial biomass. Irrespective of treatment and time, Gram-positive bacteria derived most of the recent photoassimilated oak carbon, with amounts ranging between 80 and 92% of the total 13C allocated in microbial PLFAs. Presence of either P. armata or P. penetrans enhanced the incorporation of plant carbon in bacteria, whereas collective effects of these two functional groups was scarce. Predominantly the impact of the root-feeding nematode on belowground carbon flow diminished with time. In sum, root feeders and detritivores played independent roles in carbon allocation patterns and community structure of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of oaks.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Maboreke, H.R., Graf, M., Grams, T.E.E., Herrmann, S., Scheu, S., Ruess, L. (2017):
Multitrophic interactions in the rhizosphere of a temperate forest tree affect plant carbon flow into the belowground food web
Soil Biol. Biochem. 115 , 526 - 536 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.09.002