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Title (Primary) Coupled long-term simulation of reach-scale water and heat fluxes across the river-groundwater interface for retrieving hyporheic residence times and temperature dynamics
Author Munz, M.; Oswald, S.E.; Schmidt, C.;
Journal Water Resources Research
Year 2017
Department HDG;
Volume 53
Issue 11
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
Supplements https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1002%2F2017WR020667&file=wrcr22930-sup-0001-2017WR020667-s01.docx
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1002%2F2017WR020667&file=wrcr22930-sup-0002-2017WR020667-ds01.7z
Keywords transient model; river-groundwater exchange; heat transport; hyporheic zone; geomorphological structures; oxygen consumption
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract Flow patterns in conjunction with seasonal and diurnal temperature variations control ecological and biogeochemical conditions in hyporheic sediments. In particular, hyporheic temperatures have a great impact on many temperature-sensitive microbial processes. In this study, we used 3-D coupled water flow and heat transport simulations applying the HydroGeoSphere code in combination with high resolution observations of hydraulic heads and temperatures to quantify reach-scale water and heat flux across the river-groundwater interface and hyporheic temperature dynamics of a lowland gravel-bed river. The model was calibrated in order to constrain estimates of the most sensitive model parameters. The magnitude and variations of the simulated temperatures matched the observed ones, with an average mean absolute error of 0.7°C and an average Nash Sutcliffe Efficiency of 0.87. Our results indicate that non-submerged streambed structures such as gravel bars cause substantial thermal heterogeneity within the saturated sediment at the reach-scale. Individual hyporheic flow path temperatures strongly depend on the flow path residence time, flow path depth, river and groundwater temperature. Variations in individual hyporheic flow path temperatures were up to 7.9°C, significantly higher than the daily average (2.8°C), but still lower than the average seasonal hyporheic temperature difference (19.2°C). The distribution between flow path temperatures and residence times follow a power law relationship with exponent of about 0.37. Based on this empirical relation, we further estimated the influence of hyporheic flow path residence time and temperature on oxygen consumption which was found to partly increase by up to 29% in simulations.
ID 19341
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19341
Munz, M., Oswald, S.E., Schmidt, C. (2017):
Coupled long-term simulation of reach-scale water and heat fluxes across the river-groundwater interface for retrieving hyporheic residence times and temperature dynamics
Water Resour. Res. 53 (11), 8900 - 8924