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Title (Primary) Mosaic cycles in agricultural landscapes of Northwest Europe
Author Kleyer, M.; Biedermann, R.; Henle, K.; Obermaier, E.; Poethke, H.J.; Poschlod, P.; Schröder, B.; Settele, J.; Vetterlein, D.;
Journal Basic and Applied Ecology
Year 2007
Department BZF; NSF; BOPHY;
Volume 8
Issue 4
Language englisch;
Keywords dynamic landscape; shifting mosaics; habitat quality; autocorrelation; dispersal; competitive ability; storage effects
Abstract Mosaic cycles were originally understood as cyclical regeneration phases in forests. In this review, we shall examine how far the concept can be extended towards cyclical mosaics of habitat quality in patterned landscapes as a special case of 'dynamic landscapes'. We will concentrate on habitats and plants in European temperate agricultural landscapes and grasslands in particular. Mosaic cycles of habitat quality are characterised by spatiotemporal shifts between disturbance and secondary succession. We found evidence for mosaic cycles in traditional agricultural systems, modern crop farming, and in recent conservation management. The relevant disturbance parameters to describe land-use drivers of mosaic cycles are spatial extent, frequency, and magnitude (biomass loss). Land-use-related drivers are usually regular and deterministic in space and time, with the exception of year-round grazing by free-ranging large herbivores. Fluctuating soil resources such as water and nutrients in interaction with climate variability add a stochastic component to these (land-use-related) drivers. The proportion of deterministic and stochastic components and their autocorrelation in time and space divides purely deterministic mosaic cycles from purely stochastic dynamic landscapes. In a second part, we briefly review plant life-history traits that may facilitate survival of plants in mosaic cycles of habitat quality. Theoretical studies emphasise (i) dispersal functions for extinction and recolonisation processes of metapopulations, (ii) storage effects as a component of buffered population growth in response to temporal fluctuations of habitat quality, and (iii) competitive ability in metacommunities. We propose a simple scheme relating these functions to the temporal and spatial correlation of patterned landscapes. There are only a very limited number of field studies available that give some support for the proposed scheme. We provide perspectives for further research in this field.
ID 1934
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=1934
Kleyer, M., Biedermann, R., Henle, K., Obermaier, E., Poethke, H.J., Poschlod, P., Schröder, B., Settele, J., Vetterlein, D. (2007):
Mosaic cycles in agricultural landscapes of Northwest Europe
Basic Appl. Ecol. 8 (4), 295 - 309