Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.erss.2017.09.020
Title (Primary) Addressing uncertainty in decarbonisation policy mixes – Lessons learned from German and European bioenergy policy
Author Purkus, A.; Gawel, E.; Thrän, D.
Journal Energy Research & Social Science
Year 2017
Department OEKON; BIOENERGIE
Volume 33
Page From 82
Page To 94
Language englisch
Keywords Bioenergy policy; Decarbonisation policy mixes; Uncertainty; New institutional economics
UFZ wide themes RU6;
Abstract For promoting innovation in the context of sustainability transitions, research emphasizes the importance of combining technology-push and demand-pull instruments in a coordinated policy mix. Designing such policy mixes, however, remains challenging, due to path dependencies, interacting market failures, and uncertainty regarding eventual economic, environmental and societal impacts of innovations. This results in the need for a learning and flexible policy design, but simultaneously, stable political framework conditions are required to bring about lasting changes in production and consumption behaviour. This paper undertakes an economic assessment of how this trade-off between flexibility and stability has been addressed in practice, focussing on a case study of the European and German bioenergy policy mix which serves as a prime example for the challenges of dealing with uncertainty (e.g. regarding land use impacts, GHG balances, cost developments). Informed by the theory of second best, new institutional economics and the interdisciplinary policy mix literature, we identify dimensions for assessing whether relevant uncertainties, interactions between market failures and other constraints on first-best policy making have been handled in a rational manner. From the case study, we derive lessons for bioeconomy policy, as a further example of a decarbonisation policy mix faced by high uncertainty and complexity.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19306
Purkus, A., Gawel, E., Thrän, D. (2017):
Addressing uncertainty in decarbonisation policy mixes – Lessons learned from German and European bioenergy policy
Energy Res. Soc. Sci. 33 , 82 - 94