Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.3389/fenrg.2017.00023
Title (Primary) Estimating the energy content of wastewater using combustion calorimetry and different drying processes
Author Korth, B. ORCID logo ; Maskow, T. ORCID logo ; Günther, S.; Harnisch, F. ORCID logo
Source Titel Frontiers in Energy Research
Year 2017
Department UMB
Volume 5
Page From art. 23
Language englisch
Keywords chemical oxygen demand; combustion calorimetry; heat of combustion; energy resources; wastewater analysis; wastewater treatment
UFZ wide themes RU4;
Abstract The energy content of wastewater is routinely assessed by chemical oxygen demand (COD) measurements that only provide an incomplete picture and the data fundament of other energy parameters remains scarce. The volumetric heat of combustion (ΔCH) of raw wastewater from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) was assessed using oven drying method (ΔCHvol = −6.8 ± 4.3 kJ L−1, n = 20) and freeze drying method (ΔCHvol = −20.2 ± 9.7 kJ L−1, n = 6) illustrating the substantial loss during the oven drying approach. Normalizing ΔCH to COD of raw wastewater yielded −6.2 ± 3.5 kJ gCOD−1 for oven-dried samples (n = 14) and −13.0 ± 1.6 kJ gCOD−1 for freeze-dried samples (n = 3). A subsequent correlation analysis with further chemical wastewater parameters revealed a dependency of ΔCHvol on COD, total organic carbon (TOC), C:N ratio, and total sulfur content. To verify these correlations, wastewater of a second WWTP was sampled and analyzed. Only COD and TOC were in accordance with the data set from the first WWTP representing potential predictors for the chemical energy stored in wastewater for comparable WWTPs. Unfortunately, during the most practical method (oven drying), a certain loss of volatile compounds is inevitable so that the derived ΔCHvol systematically underestimates the total energetic potential of wastewater. Nevertheless, this work expands the, so far, little data fundament on the energy resource wastewater and implies the requirement for further long-term studies on different sites and different wastewater types with a highly standardized sample treatment protocol.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Korth, B., Maskow, T., Günther, S., Harnisch, F. (2017):
Estimating the energy content of wastewater using combustion calorimetry and different drying processes
Front. Energy Res. 5 , art. 23 10.3389/fenrg.2017.00023