Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1128/AAC.00144-17
Title (Primary) Influence of IS256 on genome variability and formation of small-colony variants in Staphylococcus aureus
Author Kleinert, F.; Kallies, R.; Hort, M.; Zweynert, A.; Szekat, C.; Nagel, M.; Bierbaum, G.
Journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Year 2017
Department UMB
Volume 61
Issue 8
Page From e00144-17
Language englisch
Keywords Staphylococcus aureus; transposition: phase variation; insertion element IS256; vancomycin; aminoglycosides; hemY; guaA; small-colony variants (SCVs); VISA
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract Staphylococcus aureus has acquired resistance to nearly all antibiotics used in clinical practice. Whereas some resistance mechanisms are conferred by uptake of resistance genes, others evolve by mutation. In this study, IS256 has been shown to play a role, e.g., in S. aureus strains displaying intermediate resistance to vancomycin (VISA). To characterize the IS256 insertion sites in the genomes of two closely related sequence type 247 (ST247) VISA strains, all insertions were mapped in both VISA and a susceptible control strain. The results showed that the three ST247 strains contained the highest number so far of IS256 insertions for all sequenced S. aureus strains. Furthermore, in contrast to the case with the other IS elements in these genomes, the IS256 insertion sites were not identical in the closely related strains, indicating a high transposition frequency of IS256. When IS256 was introduced into a laboratory strain which was then cultured in the presence of antibiotics, it was possible to isolate small-colony variants (SCVs) that possessed IS256 insertions in guaA and hemY that displayed increased resistance to vancomycin and aminoglycosides, respectively. For these clones, a very rapid reversion to the wild type that resembled the fast reversion of clinical SCVs was observed. The reversion was caused by excision of IS256 in a small number of fast-growing clones that quickly outcompeted the SCVs in broth cultures. In conclusion, the presence of IS256 confers a strong genomic plasticity that is useful for adaptation to antibiotic stress.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Kleinert, F., Kallies, R., Hort, M., Zweynert, A., Szekat, C., Nagel, M., Bierbaum, G. (2017):
Influence of IS256 on genome variability and formation of small-colony variants in Staphylococcus aureus
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 61 (8), e00144-17