Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.gexplo.2008.04.003
Title (Primary) A pilot-scale field experiment for the microbial neutralization of a holomictic acidic pit lake
Author Geller, W.; Koschorreck, M.; Wendt-Potthoff, K. ORCID logo ; Bozau, E.; Herzsprung, P.; Büttner, O.; Schultze, M.
Source Titel Journal of Geochemical Exploration
Year 2009
Department ASAM; SEEFO
Volume 100
Issue 2-3
Page From 153
Page To 159
Language englisch
Keywords Acid mine drainage; Acid pit lake; Acid mining lake; Sulfate reduction; Biological remediation; Passive treatment
Abstract A strategy to neutralize acidic pit lakes was tested in an upscaling process using field mesocosms of 26 to ca. 4500 m3 volume in the acidic pit Mining Lake 111 in Germany. After addition of the substrates Carbokalk and straw a neutral sediment layer formed, in which microbial sulfate and iron reduction as well as sulfide precipitation occurred. The net rate of neutralization was limited by the precipitation of iron sulfides rather than by microbial reactions. Oxidation of H2S by ferric iron in the anoxic sediment lowered the net sulfate reduction rate. Seasonal fluctuations of iron sulfides in the sediment showed that the reaction products were not necessarily stable. The long-term success of the approach depends on the net partition of the precipitated iron-(mono-/di-) sulfide that is permanently buried in the anoxic sediment. It could be shown by field experiments that the long-term success of the neutralization depends on the spatial scale and duration of the experiments. Volumes from 26 to 4500 m3, exposition times from 4 months to 5 years, and increasingly thick coverings of the sediments with straw, from zero to 40 cm, were used. Net neutralization rates decreased from 41 meq m- 2 d- 1 in laboratory microcosms to a mean rate of 2.3 meq m- 2 d- 1 in the 4500 m3 field experiment. The results show that the success of the microbial treatment of acid pit lakes lastly depends on the limnological conditions in the lake that cannot be simulated by upscaling of simple laboratory experiments.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Geller, W., Koschorreck, M., Wendt-Potthoff, K., Bozau, E., Herzsprung, P., Büttner, O., Schultze, M. (2009):
A pilot-scale field experiment for the microbial neutralization of a holomictic acidic pit lake
J. Geochem. Explor. 100 (2-3), 153 - 159 10.1016/j.gexplo.2008.04.003