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Title (Primary) Photochemically induced bound residue formation of carbamazepine with dissolved organic matter
Author Raeke, J.; Lechtenfeld, O.J.; Seiwert, B.; Meier, T.; Riemenschneider, C.; Reemtsma, T.
Journal Environmental Science & Technology
Year 2017
Department ANA
Volume 51
Issue 10
Page From 5523
Page To 5530
Language englisch
UFZ wide themes RU3; ProVIS;
Abstract More than 400 new nitrogen containing products were detected upon experimental sunlight photolysis of the pharmaceutical carbamazepine (CBZ) in the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS). These products were presumably formed through covalent binding of CBZ phototransformation products with DOM molecules. About 50% of these newly formed bound residues contained one nitrogen atom and had a molecular mass between 375 and 525 Da, which was 150 to 200 Da higher than for an average DOM molecule. In addition, a previously unknown CBZ phototransformation product, 3-quinolinecarboxylic acid (3-QCA), was identified by liquid chromatography high resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS/MS). 3-QCA was likely formed through oxidative ring cleavage and subsequent decarboxylation of acridine, a well-known phototransformation product of CBZ. Collision induced dissociation experiments and Kendrick mass defect analyses corroborated that about 160 of the new products were formed via covalent binding of 3-QCA with DOM molecules of above-average O/C and H/C ratios. Experiments at lower CBZ concentration suggested that the importance of bound residue formation increases with increasing DOM/CBZ ratios. Photochemically induced bound residue formation of polar contaminants with DOM in the aqueous phase is thus a disregarded pathway along which contaminants can be transformed in the environment. The method presented here offers a new possibility to study the formation of bound residues, which may be of relevance also for other transformation processes in natural waters where radical intermediates are generated.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Raeke, J., Lechtenfeld, O.J., Seiwert, B., Meier, T., Riemenschneider, C., Reemtsma, T. (2017):
Photochemically induced bound residue formation of carbamazepine with dissolved organic matter
Environ. Sci. Technol. 51 (10), 5523 - 5530