Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.02.002
Title (Primary) Porous media flux sensitivity to pore-scale geostatistics: A bottom-up approach
Author Di Palma, P.R.; Guyennon, N.; Heße, F.; Romano, E.
Journal Advances in Water Resources
Year 2017
Department CHS
Volume 102
Page From 99
Page To 110
Language englisch
Keywords Pore-scale geostatistics; Porous media generation; Lattice Boltzmann method; Pore-scale flow simulation; Seepage velocity; Matérn covariance model
UFZ wide themes RU5;
Abstract Macroscopic properties of flow through porous media can be directly computed by solving the Navier–Stokes equations at the scales related to the actual flow processes, while considering the porous structures in an explicit way. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effects of the pore-scale spatial distribution on seepage velocity through numerical simulations of 3D fluid flow performed by the lattice Boltzmann method. To this end, we generate multiple random Gaussian fields whose spatial correlation follows an assigned semi-variogram function. The Exponential and Gaussian semi-variograms are chosen as extreme-cases of correlation for short distances and statistical properties of the resulting porous media (indicator field) are described using the Matèrn covariance model, with characteristic lengths of spatial autocorrelation (pore size) varying from 2% to 13% of the linear domain. To consider the sensitivity of the modeling results to the geostatistical representativeness of the domain as well as to the adopted resolution, porous media have been generated repetitively with re-initialized random seeds and three different resolutions have been tested for each resulting realization. The main difference among results is observed between the two adopted semi-variograms, indicating that the roughness (short distances autocorrelation) is the property mainly affecting the flux. However, computed seepage velocities show additionally a wide variability (about three orders of magnitude) for each semi-variogram model in relation to the assigned correlation length, corresponding to pore sizes. The spatial resolution affects more the results for short correlation lengths (i.e., small pore sizes), resulting in an increasing underestimation of the seepage velocity with the decreasing correlation length. On the other hand, results show an increasing uncertainty as the correlation length approaches the domain size.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Di Palma, P.R., Guyennon, N., Heße, F., Romano, E. (2017):
Porous media flux sensitivity to pore-scale geostatistics: A bottom-up approach
Adv. Water Resour. 102 , 99 - 110