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Title (Primary) Redox-controlled release dynamics of thallium in periodically flooded arable soil
Author Antić-Mladenović, S.; Frohne, T.; Kresović, M.; Stärk, H.-J.; Savić, D.; Ličina, V.; Rinklebe, J.
Journal Chemosphere
Year 2017
Department ANA
Volume 178
Page From 268
Page To 276
Language englisch
Keywords Thallium; Geochemical fractionation; Mobilization; Redox potential; Sulfides; Mn oxides
UFZ wide themes RU4;
Abstract To our knowledge, this is the first work to mechanistically study the impact of the redox potential (EH) and principal factors, such as pH, iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), chlorides (Cl) and sulfates (SO42-), on the release dynamics of thallium (Tl) in periodically flooded soil. We simulated flooding using an automated biogeochemical microcosm system that allows for systematical control of pre-defined redox windows. The EH value was increased mechanistically at intervals of approximately 100 mV from reducing (−211 mV) to oxidizing (475 mV) conditions. Soluble Tl levels (0.02–0.28 μg L−1) increased significantly with increases in EH (r = 0.80, p < 0.01, n = 30). Thallium mobilization was found to be related to several simultaneous processes involving the gradual oxidation of Tl-bearing sulfides, reductive dissolution of Fe-Mn oxides and desorption from mineral sorbents. Manganese oxides did not appear to have a considerable effect on Tl retention under oxidizing conditions. Before conducting the microcosm experiment, Tl geochemical fractionation was assessed using the modified BCR sequential extraction procedure. The BCR revealed a majority of Tl in the residual fraction (77.7%), followed by reducible (13.3%) and oxidizable fractions (5.9%). By generating high levels of Tl toxicity at low doses, Tl released under oxidizing conditions may pose an environmental threat. In the future, similar studies should be conducted on various soils along with a determination of the Tl species and monitoring of the Tl content in plants to achieve more detailed insight into soluble Tl behavior.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Antić-Mladenović, S., Frohne, T., Kresović, M., Stärk, H.-J., Savić, D., Ličina, V., Rinklebe, J. (2017):
Redox-controlled release dynamics of thallium in periodically flooded arable soil
Chemosphere 178 , 268 - 276