Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.seppur.2017.04.048
Title (Primary) Strategic elements from leaching solutions by nanofiltration – Influence of pH on separation performance
Author Meschke, K.; Daus, B.; Haseneder, R.; Repke, J.-U.
Source Titel Separation and Purification Technology
Year 2017
Department ANA
Volume 184
Page From 264
Page To 274
Language englisch
Keywords Strategic elements; Mining residues; Treatment of leaching solutions; Nanofiltration; Retention
UFZ wide themes RU4;
Abstract Strategic elements are essential for industrialized countries and both, demand and prices are constantly increasing. The exploitation of so far unutilized polymetallic mining waste could ensure a reliable supply. Mining residues, like the investigated German flue dust deposit from copper ore smelting, represent a promising approach for metal extraction. By bioleaching, the sulfide bonded metals can be dissolved from the mineral phase. Downstream processes are required to separate the target elements from the obtained multicomponent leaching solution. One promising technology is nanofiltration (NF). Three polymeric NF membranes (NF99HF, UTC-60, NP010) were screened to investigate the separation performance of Co, Cu, Ge, Mo, Re, and Zn in a dead-end set-up, in particular the pH-dependent retention. The study shows that pH and thus, the formed ionic species have a major influence on retention and separation performance. Mainly based on size exclusion, a selective separation of Re seems feasible with the NF99HF and UTC-60 at pH 7. Under acidic conditions, a separation during concentrating cannot be realized in dead-end by NF because shearing forces and the build-up concentration as well as the electric field gradient forces the permeation of the solutes. However, if the recovery and ionic strength of the solution is set low, the selectivity can be increased even at pH 2.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Meschke, K., Daus, B., Haseneder, R., Repke, J.-U. (2017):
Strategic elements from leaching solutions by nanofiltration – Influence of pH on separation performance
Sep. Purif. Technol. 184 , 264 - 274 10.1016/j.seppur.2017.04.048