Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1038/srep45089
Title (Primary) Isolation and characterization of the E. coli membrane protein production strain Mutant56(DE3)
Author Baumgarten, T.; Schlegel, S.; Wagner, S.; Löw, M.; Eriksson, J.; Bonde, I.; Herrgård, M.J.; Heipieper, H.J. ORCID logo ; Nørholm, M.H.H.; Slotboom, D.J.; de Gier, J.W.
Source Titel Scientific Reports
Year 2017
Department UBT
Volume 7
Page From art. 45089
Language englisch
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract Membrane protein production is usually toxic to E. coli. However, using genetic screens strains can be isolated in which the toxicity of membrane protein production is reduced, thereby improving production yields. Best known examples are the C41(DE3) and C43(DE3) strains, which are both derived from the T7 RNA polymerase (P)-based BL21(DE3) protein production strain. In C41(DE3) and C43(DE3) mutations lowering t7rnap expression levels result in strongly reduced T7 RNAP accumulation levels. As a consequence membrane protein production stress is alleviated in the C41(DE3) and C43(DE3) strains, thereby increasing membrane protein yields. Here, we isolated Mutant56(DE3) from BL21(DE3) using a genetic screen designed to isolate BL21(DE3)-derived strains with mutations alleviating membrane protein production stress other than the ones in C41(DE3) and C43(DE3). The defining mutation of Mutant56(DE3) changes one amino acid in its T7 RNAP, which weakens the binding of the T7 RNAP to the T7 promoter governing target gene expression rather than lowering T7 RNAP levels. For most membrane proteins tested yields in Mutant56(DE3) were considerably higher than in C41(DE3) and C43(DE3). Thus, the isolation of Mutant56(DE3) shows that the evolution of BL21(DE3) can be promoted towards further enhanced membrane protein production.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Baumgarten, T., Schlegel, S., Wagner, S., Löw, M., Eriksson, J., Bonde, I., Herrgård, M.J., Heipieper, H.J., Nørholm, M.H.H., Slotboom, D.J., de Gier, J.W. (2017):
Isolation and characterization of the E. coli membrane protein production strain Mutant56(DE3)
Sci. Rep. 7 , art. 45089 10.1038/srep45089