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Title (Primary) Mn-Doped ZnSe quantum dots initiated mild and rapid cation exchange for tailoring the composition and optical properties of colloid nanocrystals: novel template, new applications
Author Zhou, Z.-Q.; Yang, L.-Y.; Yan, R.; Zhao, J.; Liu, Y.-Q.; Lai, L.; Jiang, F.-L.; Maskow, T.; Liu, Y.;
Journal Nanoscale
Year 2017
Department UMB;
Volume 9
Issue 8
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Supplements http://www.rsc.org/suppdata/c6/nr/c6nr09094j/c6nr09094j1.pdf
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract

Although cation exchange (CE) has been studied for many years and some mechanisms were proposed, there is still a knowledge gap in CE and problems such as the need for high temperature and it being time-consuming are still unaddressed. We developed a new mild strategy for CE by introducing a new ideal template and first applied this doping strategy to detect Cd2+ and Hg2+. This strategy adopted Mn-doped ZnSe quantum dots (QDs) as the template and the introduction occurs via a two-step CE reaction: first Zn2+ was partially substituted by X (X = Cd2+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Ag+ or Pb2+), later Mn2+ (in the deep structure of QDs) was substituted by X. Remarkably, Mn2+ in the lattice can be easily substituted by a dopant and its replacement by a dopant helps to bury the metal ions. The ultra-fast introduction of Cd2+ and Hg2+ (70 minutes for Cd2+ and 19 minutes for Hg2+) was realized at room temperature; other metal ions such as Ag+, Cu2+ and Pb2+ can be buried at 50 °C. This mild reaction temperature offers a solution for introducing impurities without sacrificing the interfacial structure of nanocrystals. HRTEM, XPS and ICP measurements were applied to analyze the introduction process. Furthermore, the spectroscopic method was employed to analyze the introduction, migration and distribution of metal ions. Then, we proposed a mechanism for the chemical conversion of nanocrystals by CE. Through this strategy, full-color light-emitting doped QDs were fabricated. Strikingly, a new turn-on probe for the detection of Cd2+ and Hg2+ with improved selectivity was developed by adopting this doping strategy. The detection limit is 36 nM for Cd2+ and 20 nM for Hg2+, which is competitive with the limit of detection reported by other groups using QDs as sensors.

ID 18426
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=18426
Zhou, Z.-Q., Yang, L.-Y., Yan, R., Zhao, J., Liu, Y.-Q., Lai, L., Jiang, F.-L., Maskow, T., Liu, Y. (2017):
Mn-Doped ZnSe quantum dots initiated mild and rapid cation exchange for tailoring the composition and optical properties of colloid nanocrystals: novel template, new applications
Nanoscale 9 (8), 2824 - 2835