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Title (Primary) Prospective associations of meat consumption during childhood with measures of body composition during adolescence: results from the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts
Author Harris, C.; Buyken, A.; von Berg, A.; Berdel, D.; Lehmann, I.; Hoffmann, B.; Koletzko, S.; Koletzko, B.; Heinrich, J.; Standl, M.;
Journal Nutrition Journal
Year 2016
Department IMMU; STUDIEN;
Volume 15
Language englisch;
POF III (all) F11;
Keywords Meat intake; Body composition; Adolescence; Protein; Longitudinal study; Fat mass; Fat free mass
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract

Background

Higher meat and protein intakes have been associated with increased body weight in adults, but studies evaluating body composition are scarce. Furthermore, our knowledge in adolescents is limited. This study aimed to investigate the prospective associations of intakes of different meat types, and their respective protein contents during childhood, with body composition during adolescence.

Methods

Dietary (using food frequency questionnaires) and body composition (measured by bioelectrical impedance) data were collected from the 10- and 15-year follow-up assessments respectively, of the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohort studies. Sex-stratified prospective associations of meat and meat protein intakes (total, processed, red meat and poultry) with fat mass index (FMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI), were assessed by linear regression models (N = 1610).

Results

Among males, higher poultry intakes at age 10 years were associated with a higher FMI at age 15 years [β = 0.278 (SE = 0.139), p = 0.046]; while higher intakes of total and red meat were prospectively associated with higher FFMI [0.386 (0.143), p = 0.007, and 0.333 (0.145), p  = 0.022, respectively]. Additionally in males, protein was associated with FFMI for total and red meat [0.285 (0.145) and 0.356 (0.144), respectively].

Conclusions

Prospective associations of meat consumption with subsequent body composition in adolescents may differ by sex and meat source.

ID 18199
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=18199
Harris, C., Buyken, A., von Berg, A., Berdel, D., Lehmann, I., Hoffmann, B., Koletzko, S., Koletzko, B., Heinrich, J., Standl, M. (2016):
Prospective associations of meat consumption during childhood with measures of body composition during adolescence: results from the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts
Nutr. J. 15 , art. 101