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Title (Primary) The MarR-type regulator Rdh2R regulates rdh gene transcription in Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain CBDB1
Author Krasper, L.; Lilie, H.; Kublik, A.; Adrian, L.; Golbik, R.; Lechner, U.;
Journal Journal of Bacteriology
Year 2016
Department ISOBIO;
Volume 198
Issue 23
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Supplements https://jb.asm.org/content/suppl/2016/10/26/JB.00419-16.DCSupplemental/zjb999094238so1.pdf
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract

Reductive dehalogenases are essential enzymes in organohalide respiration and consist of a catalytic subunit A and a membrane protein B, encoded by rdhAB genes. Thirty-two rdhAB genes exist in the genome of Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain CBDB1. To gain a first insight into the regulation of rdh operons, the control of gene expression of two rdhAB genes (cbdbA1453/cbdbA1452 and cbdbA1455/cbdbA1454) by the MarR-type regulator Rdh2R (cbdbA1456) encoded directly upstream was studied using heterologous expression and in vitro studies. Promoter-lacZ reporter fusions were generated and integrated into the genome of the Escherichia coli host. The lacZ reporter activities of both rdhA promoters decreased upon transformation of the cells with a plasmid carrying the rdh2R gene, suggesting that Rdh2R acts as repressor, whereas the lacZ reporter activity of the rdh2R promoter was not affected. The transcriptional start sites of both rdhA genes in strain CBDB1 and/or the heterologous host mapped to a conserved direct repeat with 11- to 13-bp half-sites. DNase I footprinting revealed binding of Rdh2R to a ∼30-bp sequence covering the complete direct repeat in both promoters, including the transcriptional start sites. Equilibrium sedimentation ultracentrifugation revealed that Rdh2R binds as tetramer to the direct-repeat motif of the rdhA (cbdbA1455) promoter. Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, a similar binding affinity was found for both rdhA promoters. In the presence of only one half-site of the direct repeat, the interaction was strongly reduced, suggesting a positive cooperativity of binding, for which unusual short palindromes within the direct-repeat half-sites might play an important role.

IMPORTANCE Dehalococcoides mccartyi strains are obligate anaerobes that grow by organohalide respiration. They have an important bioremediation potential because they are capable of reducing a multitude of halogenated compounds to less toxic products. We are now beginning to understand how these organisms make use of this large catabolic potential, whereby D. mccartyi expresses dehalogenases in a compound-specific fashion. MarR-type regulators are often encoded in the vicinity of reductive dehalogenase genes. In this study, we made use of heterologous expression and in vitro studies to demonstrate that the MarR-type transcription factor Rdh2R acts as a negative regulator. We identify its binding site on the DNA, which suggests a mechanism by which it controls the expression of two adjacent reductive dehalogenase operons.

ID 18119
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=18119
Krasper, L., Lilie, H., Kublik, A., Adrian, L., Golbik, R., Lechner, U. (2016):
The MarR-type regulator Rdh2R regulates rdh gene transcription in Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain CBDB1
J. Bacteriol. 198 (23), 3130 - 3141