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Title (Primary) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination of surface sediments and oysters from the inter-tidal areas of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Author Gaspare, L.; Machiwa, J.F.; Mdachi, S.J.M.; Streck, G.; Brack, W.;
Journal Environmental Pollution
Year 2009
Department WANA;
Volume 157
Issue 1
Language englisch;
Keywords Equilibrium partitioning sediment benchmarks; Threshold effect levels; Principle component analysis; Hazard assessment; Carcinogenic risk
Abstract Surface sediment and oyster samples from the inter-tidal areas of Dar es Salaam were analyzed for 23 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) including the 16 compounds prioritized by US-EPA using GC/MS. The total concentration of PAHs in the sediment ranged from 78 to 25,000 ng/g dry weight, while oyster concentrations ranged from 170 to 650 ng/g dry weight. Hazards due to sediment contamination were assessed using Equilibrium Partitioning Sediment Benchmarks and Threshold Effect Levels. Diagnostic indices and principle component analysis were used to identify possible sources. Interestingly, no correlation between sediment and oyster concentrations at the same sites was found. This is supported by completely different contamination patterns, suggesting different sources for both matrices. Hazard assessment revealed possible effects at six out of eight sites on the benthic communities and oyster populations. The contribution of PAH intake via oyster consumption to carcinogenic risks in humans seems to be low.PAH contamination may pose hazards to benthos but limited risks to humans.
ID 181
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=181
Gaspare, L., Machiwa, J.F., Mdachi, S.J.M., Streck, G., Brack, W. (2009):
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination of surface sediments and oysters from the inter-tidal areas of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Environ. Pollut. 157 (1), 24 - 34