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Title (Primary) Climate control of decadal-scale increases in apparent ages of eogenetic karst spring water
Author Martin, J.B.; Kurz, M.J.; Khadka, M.B.;
Journal Journal of Hydrology
Year 2016
Department HDG;
Volume 540
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T32;
Keywords Groundwater recharge; Groundwater remediation; Florida karst; Springs; Water age; Atlantic multidecadal oscillation
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract Water quantity and quality in karst aquifers may depend on decadal-scale variations in recharge or withdrawal, which we hypothesize could be assessed through time-series measurements of apparent ages of spring water. We tested this hypothesis with analyses of various age tracers (3H/3He, SF6, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113) and selected solute concentrations [dissolved oxygen (DO), NO3, Mg, and SO4] from 6 springs in a single spring complex (Ichetucknee springs) in northern Florida over a 16-yr period. These springs fall into two groups that reflect shallow short (Group 1) and deep long (Group 2) flow paths. Some tracer concentrations are altered, with CFC-12 and CFC-113 concentrations yielding the most robust apparent ages. These tracers show a 10–20-yr monotonic increase in apparent age from 1997 to 2013, including the flood recession that followed Tropical Storm Debby in mid-2012. This increase in age indicates most water discharged during the study period recharged the aquifer within a few years of 1973 for Group 2 springs and 1980 for Group 1 springs. Inverse correlations between apparent age and DO and NO3 concentrations reflect reduced redox state in older water. Positive correlations between apparent age and Mg and SO4 concentrations reflect increased water-rock reactions. Concentrated recharge in the decade around 1975 resulted from nearly 2 m of rain in excess of the monthly average that fell between 1960 and 2014, followed by a nearly 4 m deficit to 2014. This excess rain coincided with two major El Niño events during the maximum cool phase in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Although regional water withdrawal increased nearly 5-fold between 1980 and 2005, withdrawals represent only 2–5% of Ichetucknee River flow and are less important than decadal-long variations in precipitation. These results suggest that groundwater management should consider climate cycles as predictive tools for future water resources.
ID 17875
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Martin, J.B., Kurz, M.J., Khadka, M.B. (2016):
Climate control of decadal-scale increases in apparent ages of eogenetic karst spring water
J. Hydrol. 540 , 988 - 1001