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Title (Primary) Is there a specific ecological niche for electroactive microorganisms?
Author Koch, C.; Harnisch, F.;
Journal ChemElectroChem
Year 2016
Department UMB;
Volume 3
Issue 9
Language englisch;
POF III (all) R31; T15;
Keywords electrochemistry; electromicrobiology; electron transfer; fuel cells; microbial ecology
UFZ wide themes RU4;
Abstract The core of primary microbial electrochemical technologies (METs) is the ability of the electroactive microorganisms to interact with electrodes via extracellular electron transfer (EET), allowing wiring of current flow and microbial metabolism. Geobacter sulfurreducens and Shewanella oneidensis are the model organisms for understanding and engineering EET. Many other microorganisms are reported being electroactive but are often sparsely characterized. Based on a literature survey 94 species are ascribed as electroactive. Their apparent diversity raises questions on the natural importance and distribution of the EET capacity, that is, of the ecological niche of microbial electroactivity. To identify this potential niche the environmental preferences and natural habitat characteristics of all electroactive species were combined with their metabolic, growth and EET characteristics and an extensive meta-analysis performed. The results indicate that there is not a single ecological niche for electroactive microorganisms. Significantly more electroactive species presumably exist in nature as well as already existing strain collections but due to current cultivation techniques their EET potential is not leveraged. Thus, in the light of specific traits required for industrial application, microbial resource mining based on ecological knowledge bears a great potential for broadening the foundation of microbial electrochemistry as well as for future developments of primary METs.
ID 17851
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=17851
Koch, C., Harnisch, F. (2016):
Is there a specific ecological niche for electroactive microorganisms?
ChemElectroChem 3 (9), 1282 - 1295