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Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12759
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Title (Primary) Generating spatially optimized habitat in a trade-off between social optimality and budget efficiency
Author Drechsler, M.
Journal Conservation Biology
Year 2017
Department OESA
Volume 31
Issue 1
Page From 221
Page To 225
Language englisch
Keywords agglomeration; auction; budget efficiency; biodiversity; cost-effectiveness; conservation; optimality; payment
UFZ wide themes RU6;
Abstract Auctions have been proposed as alternatives to payments for environmental services when spatial interactions and costs are better known to landowners than to the conservation agency (asymmetric information). Recently, an auction scheme was proposed that delivers optimal conservation in the sense that social welfare is maximized. I examined the social welfare and the budget efficiency delivered by this scheme, where social welfare represents the difference between the monetized ecological benefit and the conservation cost incurred to the landowners and budget efficiency is defined as maximizing the ecological benefit for a given conservation budget. For the analysis, I considered a stylized landscape with land patches that can be used for agriculture or conservation. The ecological benefit was measured by an objective function that increases with increasing number and spatial aggregation of conserved land patches. I compared the social welfare and the budget efficiency of the auction scheme with an agglomeration payment, a policy scheme that considers spatial interactions and that was proposed recently. The auction delivered a higher level of social welfare than the agglomeration payment. However, the agglomeration payment was more efficient budgetarily than the auction, so the comparative performances of the 2 schemes depended on the chosen policy criterion–social welfare or budget efficiency. Both policy criteria are relevant for conservation. Which one should be chosen depends on the problem at hand, for example, whether social preferences should be taken into account in the decision of how much money to invest in conservation or whether the available conservation budget is strictly limited.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Drechsler, M. (2017):
Generating spatially optimized habitat in a trade-off between social optimality and budget efficiency
Conserv. Biol. 31 (1), 221 - 225