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Title (Primary) A triggered depth-dependent sampling system to overcome the carry-over effects of the membrane interface probe
Author Bumberger, J.; Peisker, K.; Reiche, N.; Radny, D.; Dietrich, P.;
Journal Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation
Year 2016
Department MET;
Volume 36
Issue 3
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
UFZ wide themes RU5;
Abstract The membrane interface probe (MIP) is widely used for the in situ characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the subsurface. A main problem using the MIP system is the carry-over effect of VOCs during the transport from the point of measurement to the detector using a conventional transfer line. This effect results in compound specific retention times, which is shown in disproportionately high measuring signals after the actual penetration of contaminated zones. In consequence, the lower extent of contamination is not clearly identifiable and may be overestimated. The presented field study presents an evaluation of different methods to overcome the carry-over effect, especially with regard to the required measurement times that are needed to wait for a complete disappearance of the detector signals before forwarding the probe. This was accomplished by comparing data collected with a MIP system with (1) unheated transfer line and (2) a system including a heated transfer line to data collected with a system using (3) a depth-dependent triggered sampling behind the membrane including two transfer lines. A comparison with analytical results from soil samples gave a good correlation for all three methods. Furthermore, it could be shown that the use of a heated transfer line has a time improvement of 30% compared to an unheated transfer line while the depth dependent triggered sampling using two separate transfer lines yielded a time improvement of over 90%. These results confirm the benefit of the latter method, particularly for the use in highly contaminated sediments.
ID 17656
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=17656
Bumberger, J., Peisker, K., Reiche, N., Radny, D., Dietrich, P. (2016):
A triggered depth-dependent sampling system to overcome the carry-over effects of the membrane interface probe
Ground Water Monit. Remediat. 36 (3), 54 - 61