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Title (Primary) Impact of heterogeneous permeability distribution on the groundwater flow systems of a small sedimentary basin
Author Zech, A.; Zehner, B.; Kolditz, O.; Attinger, S.;
Journal Journal of Hydrology
Year 2016
Department CHS; ENVINF;
Volume 532
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T53;
Keywords Subsurface flow and transport; Fluid dynamics in sedimentary basins; Heterogeneity in permeability; Density dependent flow; Thuringian Basin; OpenGeoSys
UFZ wide themes RU5;
Abstract Ground water flow systems of shallow sedimentary basins are studied in general by analyzing the fluid dynamics at the real world example of the Thuringian Basin. The impact of the permeability distribution and density differences on the flow velocity pattern, the salt concentration, and the temperature distribution is quantified by means of transient coupled simulations of fluid flow, heat, and mass transport processes. Simulations are performed with different permeabilities in the sedimentary layering and heterogeneous permeability distributions as well as with a non-constant fluid density. Three characteristic numbers are useful to describe the effects of permeability on the development of flow systems and subsurface transport: the relation of permeability between aquiclude and aquifer, the variance, and the correlation length of the log-normal permeability distribution. Density dependent flow due to temperature or concentration gradients is of minor importance for the distribution of the flow systems, but can lead to increased mixing dissolution of salt. Thermal convection is in general not present. The dominant driver of groundwater flow is the topography in combination with the permeability distribution. The results obtained for the Thuringian Basin give general insights into the dynamics of a small sedimentary basin due to the representative character of the basin structure as well as the transferability of the settings to other small sedimentary basins.
ID 16978
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16978
Zech, A., Zehner, B., Kolditz, O., Attinger, S. (2016):
Impact of heterogeneous permeability distribution on the groundwater flow systems of a small sedimentary basin
J. Hydrol. 532 , 90 - 101