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Title (Primary) Carbon storage potential in size–density fractions from semi-natural grassland ecosystems with different productivities over varying soil depths
Author Breulmann, M.; Boettger, T.; Buscot, F.; Gruendling, R.; Schulz, E.;
Journal Science of the Total Environment
Year 2016
Department BOPHY; BOOEK; UBZ; CATHYD; iDiv;
Volume 545-546
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
Keywords Carbon cycling; Semi-natural grasslands; Size–density fractionation; Stable isotope; Soil organic carbon stocks; Soil organic matter
UFZ wide themes RU1
Abstract Researchers have increasingly recognised a profound need for more information on SOC stocks in the soil and the factors governing their stability and dynamics. Many questions still remain unanswered about the interplay between changes in plant communities and the extent to which changes in aboveground productivity affect the carbon dynamics in soils through changes in its quantity and quality. Therefore, the main aim of this research was to examine the SOC accumulation potential of semi-natural grasslands of different productivities and determine the distribution of SOM fractions over varying soil depth intervals (0–10, 10–20, 20–30 30–50 50–80 and 80 + cm). SOM fractionation was considered as a relative measure of stability to separate SOM associated with clay minerals from SOM of specific light densities less than 2 g cm− 3 (size-density fractionation). Two clay-associated fractions (CF1, < 1 μm; and CF2, 1–2 μm) and two light fractions (LF1, < 1.8 g cm− 3; and LF2, 1.8–2.0 g cm− 3) were separated. The stability of these fractions was characterised by their carbon hot water extractability (CHWE) and stable carbon isotope composition. In the semi-natural grasslands studied, most OC was stored in the top 30 cm, where turnover is rapid. Effects of low productivity grasslands became only significantly apparent when fractional OC contributions of total SOM was considered (CF1 and LF1). In deeper soil depths OC was largely attributed to the CF1 fraction of low productivity grasslands. We suggest that the majority of OM in deeper soil depth intervals is microbially-derived, as evidenced by decreasing C/N ratios and decreasing δ13C values. The hot water extraction and natural δ13C abundance, employed here allowed the characterisation of SOM stabilisation properties, however how climatic changes affect the fate of OM within different soil depth intervals is still unknown.
ID 16936
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16936
Breulmann, M., Boettger, T., Buscot, F., Gruendling, R., Schulz, E. (2016):
Carbon storage potential in size–density fractions from semi-natural grassland ecosystems with different productivities over varying soil depths
Sci. Total Environ. 545-546 , 30 - 39