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Title (Primary) Biodegradation of chlorobenzene in a constructed wetland treating contaminated groundwater
Author Braeckevelt, M.; Rokadia, H.; Mirschel, G.; Weber, S.; Imfeld, G.; Stelzer, N.; Kuschk, P.; Kästner, M.; Richnow, H.H.;
Journal Water Science and Technology
Year 2007
Department ISOBIO; UBT;
Volume 56
Issue 3
Language englisch;
Keywords Biodegradation; carbon isotope fractionation; constructed wetland; monochlorobenzene; oxygen
Abstract Monochlorobenzene (MCB) is an important groundwater contaminant world-wide. In this study, a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland with an integrated water compartment was fed with MCB contaminated groundwater originating from the local aquifer. Analysis of spatial concentration dynamics of MCB and oxygen was combined with isotope composition analysis of MCB for assessing in situ biodegradation. Removal of MCB was most effective in the upper layer of the soil filter, reaching up to 77.1%. Trace oxygen concentrations below 0.16 mg L-1 were observed throughout the wetland transect, suggesting a considerable limitation of aerobic microbial MCB degradation. Enrichment of 13C in the residual MCB fraction at increasing distance from the inflow point indicated microbial MCB degradation in the wetland. The observed isotope shift was higher than expected for aerobic MCB degradation and thus pointed out a significant contribution of an anaerobic degradation pathway to the overall biodegradation.
ID 1678
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=1678
Braeckevelt, M., Rokadia, H., Mirschel, G., Weber, S., Imfeld, G., Stelzer, N., Kuschk, P., Kästner, M., Richnow, H.H. (2007):
Biodegradation of chlorobenzene in a constructed wetland treating contaminated groundwater
Water Sci. Technol. 56 (3), 57 - 62