Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) Mixture toxicity effects of sea louse control agents in Daphnia magna
Author Rose, S.; Altenburger, R.; Sturm, A.;
Journal Chemosphere
Year 2016
Department BIOTOX;
Volume 144
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T42;
Keywords Biocide; Mixture toxicity; Aquaculture; Parasite; Veterinary; Drug
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract Caligid sea lice are ectoparasites causing major disease problems in industrial salmon farming. Sea louse control currently relies widely on parasiticides. Among non-target species, crustaceans are particularly susceptible to salmon delousing agents. Drug combinations have recently been suggested for sea louse control; however, no information is available on the non-target effects of such mixtures. To obtain first insights into combination effects of salmon parasiticides, acute toxicity tests with the crustacean model species Daphnia magna were conducted. Four compounds, including two organophosphates and two pyrethroids, were tested individually and in all pair-wise combinations at one fixed concentration ratio. For most combinations, observed toxicities were close to predictions assuming concentration additivity. However, deltamethrin and cypermethrin showed greater than predicted combination effects, while the inverse was observed for deltamethrin and malathion. The results demonstrate combination effects of anti-sea louse agents and suggest that predictions based on concentration additivity are in most cases protective.
ID 16657
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16657
Rose, S., Altenburger, R., Sturm, A. (2016):
Mixture toxicity effects of sea louse control agents in Daphnia magna
Chemosphere 144 , 599 - 606