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Title (Primary) Biotransformation of fluoroquinolone antibiotics by ligninolytic fungi – Metabolites, enzymes and residual antibacterial activity
Author Čvančarová, M.; Moeder, M.; Filipová, A.; Cajthaml, T.;
Journal Chemosphere
Year 2015
Department ANA;
Volume 136
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Supplements https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0045653514014167-mmc1.doc
Keywords Fluoroquinolone antibiotics; White rot fungi; Residual antibacterial activity; Transformation products
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract A group of white rot fungi (Irpex lacteus, Panus tigrinus, Dichomitus squalens, Trametes versicolor and Pleurotus ostreatus) was investigated for the biodegradation of norfloxacin (NOR), ofloxacin (OF) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). The selected fluoroquinolones were readily degraded almost completely by I. lacteus and T. versicolor within 10 and 14 d of incubation in liquid medium, respectively. The biodegradation products were identified by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. The analyses indicated that the fungi use similar mechanisms to degrade structurally related antibiotics. The piperazine ring of the molecules is preferably attacked via either substitution or/and decomposition. In addition to the degradation efficiency, attention was devoted to the residual antibiotic activities estimated using Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Only I. lacteus was able to remove the antibiotic activity during the course of the degradation of NOR and OF. The product-effect correlations evaluated by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) enabled elucidation of the participation of the individual metabolites in the residual antibacterial activity. Most of the metabolites correlated with the antibacterial activity, explaining the rather high residual activity remaining after the biodegradation. PCA of ligninolytic enzyme activities indicated that manganese peroxidase might participate in the degradation.
ID 16364
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16364
Čvančarová, M., Moeder, M., Filipová, A., Cajthaml, T. (2015):
Biotransformation of fluoroquinolone antibiotics by ligninolytic fungi – Metabolites, enzymes and residual antibacterial activity
Chemosphere 136 , 311 - 320