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Title (Primary) Structural analysis of the interleukin-8/glycosaminoglycan interactions by amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry
Author Hofmann, T.; Samsonov, S.A.; Pichert, A.; Lemmnitzer, K.; Schiller, J.; Huster, D.; Pisabarro, M.T.; von Bergen, M.; Kalkhof, S.;
Journal Methods
Year 2015
Department PROTEOM;
Volume 89
Language englisch;
POF III (all) F11;
Keywords HDX MS, amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange; LC–MS, liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry; IL-8, interleukin-8; CS, chondroitin sulfate; GAG, glycosaminoglycan
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract The recruitment of different chemokines and growth factors by glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) such as chondroitin sulfate or hyaluronan plays a critical role in wound healing processes. Thus, there is a special interest in the design of artificial extracellular matrices with improved properties concerning GAG interaction with common regulating proteins. In this study, amide hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange mass spectrometry (HDX MS) combined with molecular modeling and docking experiments was used to obtain structural models of proinflammatory chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) in complex with hexameric chondroitin sulfate. Experiments on the intact protein showed a difference in deuterium labeling of IL-8 due to chondroitin sulfate binding. The extent of deuteration was reduced from 24% to 13% after 2 min exchange time, which corresponds to a reduced exchange of approximately 10 backbone amides. By local HDX MS experiments, H/D exchange information on the complete sequence of IL-8 could be obtained. A significantly reduced H/D exchange, especially of the C-terminal α-helical region comprising amino acids 70–77 and to the loop comprising amino acids 27–29 was observed in the presence of chondroitin sulfate. HDX MS data were used to model the IL-8/chondroitin sulfate complex. The binding interface of IL-8 and chondroitin sulfate determined this way correlated excellently with the corresponding NMR based atomistic model previously published. Our results demonstrate that HDX-MS in combination with molecular modeling is a valuable approach for the analysis of protein/GAG complexes at physiological pH, temperature, and salt concentration. The fact that HDX-MS requires only micrograms of protein and GAGs makes it a very promising technique to address protein–GAG interactions.
ID 16088
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Hofmann, T., Samsonov, S.A., Pichert, A., Lemmnitzer, K., Schiller, J., Huster, D., Pisabarro, M.T., von Bergen, M., Kalkhof, S. (2015):
Structural analysis of the interleukin-8/glycosaminoglycan interactions by amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry
Methods 89 , 45 - 53