Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) Electrokinetic control of bacterial deposition and transport
Author Qin, J.; Sun, X.; Liu, Y.; Berthold, T.; Harms, H.; Wick, L.Y.;
Journal Environmental Science & Technology
Year 2015
Department UMB;
Volume 49
Issue 9
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Supplements https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/es506245y/suppl_file/es506245y_si_001.pdf
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/es506245y/suppl_file/es506245y_si_002.avi
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract Microbial biofilms can cause severe problems in technical installations where they may give rise to microbially influenced corrosion, clogging of filters and membranes or even threaten human health, e.g. when they infest water treatment processes. There is, hence, high interest in methods to prevent microbial adhesion as the initial step of biofilm formation. In environmental technology it might be desired to enhance bacterial transport through porous matrices. This motivated us, to test the hypothesis that the attractive interaction energy allowing cells to adhere can be counteracted and overcome by the shear force induced by electroosmotic flow (EOF, i.e. the water flow over surfaces exposed to a weak direct current (DC) electric field). Applying EOF of varying strengths we quantified the deposition of Pseudomonas fluorescens Lp6a in columns containing glass collectors and on a quartz crystal microbalance. We found that the presence of DC reduced the efficiency of initial adhesion and bacterial surface coverage by > 85%. A model is presented which quantitatively explains the reduction of bacterial adhesion based on the extended Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey, and Overbeek (XDLVO) theory of colloid stability and the EOF-induced shear forces acting on a bacterium. We propose that DC fields may be used to electrokinetically regulate the interaction of bacteria with surfaces in order to delay initial adhesion and biofilm formation in technical installations or to enhance bacterial transport in environmental matrices.
ID 16040
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16040
Qin, J., Sun, X., Liu, Y., Berthold, T., Harms, H., Wick, L.Y. (2015):
Electrokinetic control of bacterial deposition and transport
Environ. Sci. Technol. 49 (9), 5663 - 5671