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Title (Primary) A whole cell bioreporter approach to assess transport and bioavailability of organic contaminants in water unsaturated systems
Author SchamfuƟ, S.; Neu, T.R.; Harms, H.; Wick, L.Y.;
Journal JoVe-Journal of Visualized Experiments
Year 2014
Department UMB; FLOEK;
Volume 94
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T32;
Keywords PAH; bioavailability; mycelia; translocation; volatility; bioreporter; CLSM; biodegradation; fluorene
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract

Bioavailability of contaminants is a prerequisite for their effective biodegradation in soil. The average bulk concentration of a contaminant, however, is not an appropriate measure for its availability; bioavailability rather depends on the dynamic interplay of potential mass transfer (flux) of a compound to a microbial cell and the capacity of the latter to degrade the compound. In water-unsaturated parts of the soil, mycelia have been shown to overcome bioavailability limitations by actively transporting and mobilizing organic compounds over the range of centimeters. Whereas the extent of mycelia-based transport can be quantified easily by chemical means, verification of the contaminant-bioavailability to bacterial cells requires a biological method. Addressing this constraint, we chose the PAH fluorene (FLU) as a model compound and developed a water unsaturated model microcosm linking a spatially separated FLU point source and the FLU degrading bioreporter bacterium Burkholderia sartisoli RP037-mChe by a mycelial network of Pythium ultimum. Since the bioreporter expresses eGFP in response of the PAH flux to the cell, bacterial FLU exposure and degradation could be monitored directly in the microcosms via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). CLSM and image analyses revealed a significant increase of the eGFP expression in the presence of P. ultimum compared to controls without mycelia or FLU thus indicating FLU bioavailability to bacteria after mycelia-mediated transport. CLSM results were supported by chemical analyses in identical microcosms. The developed microcosm proved suitable to investigate contaminant bioavailability and to concomitantly visualize the involved bacteria-mycelial interactions.

ID 15804
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15804
SchamfuƟ, S., Neu, T.R., Harms, H., Wick, L.Y. (2014):
A whole cell bioreporter approach to assess transport and bioavailability of organic contaminants in water unsaturated systems
J. Vis. Exp. 94 , e52334