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Title (Primary) Influence of woody tissue and leaf clumping on vertically resolved leaf area index and angular gap probability estimates
Author Piayda, A.; Dubbert, M.; Werner, C.; Correia, A.V.; Pereira, J.S.; Cuntz, M.;
Journal Forest Ecology and Management
Year 2015
Department CHS;
Volume 340
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T53;
Keywords Leaf area index; Gap fraction; Clumping index; Woody tissue; LAI-2000; Digital cover photography
UFZ wide themes RU5;

Leaf area index L is a key vegetation parameter that can be used in soil–vegetation–atmosphere exchange modeling. To represent the structure of ecosystems in vertically distributed modeling, vertically resolved L   distributions as well as vertical and angular gap probability PgapPgap distributions are needed, but they are rarely available. On the experimental side, studies often neglect woody plant components when using indirect methods for L   or PgapPgap observations. This can lead to significantly biased results, particularly in semi-arid savannah-type ecosystems with low L values.

The objective of this study is to compare three non-destructive leaf area index measurement techniques in a sparse savannah-type cork oak canopy in central Portugal in order to derive vertically resolved L   as well as vertically and angularly resolved PgapPgap. We used the established LAI-2000 device as well as fast digital cover photography (DCP), which was vertically and angularly distributed. We applied object-based image analysis to DCP to exclude woody plant components. We compared the results with vertically distributed LAI-2000 measurements and with vertical estimates based on easily measurable crown parameters.

Height and angularly distributed DCP was successfully applied here for the first time. It delivers gap probability PgapPgap and effective leaf area index LeLe measurements that are comparable to the established LAI-2000. The height and angularly dependent leaf clumping index Ω could be determined with DCP, which led to a 30% higher total leaf area index L for DCP compared to LAI-2000. The exclusion of woody tissue from DCP yields on average a 6.9% lower leaf area index L. Including Ω and excluding woody tissue, the L of DCP matched precisely with direct measurements using litter traps. However, the set-up and site-specific adjustment of the image analysis algorithm remains challenging. We propose a special filter for LAI-2000 to enhance data quality when used in open canopies. Finally, if height-dependent observations are not feasible, ground-based observations of crown parameters can be used to derive very reasonable L height distributions from a single, ground-based L observation.


ID 15740
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Piayda, A., Dubbert, M., Werner, C., Correia, A.V., Pereira, J.S., Cuntz, M. (2015):
Influence of woody tissue and leaf clumping on vertically resolved leaf area index and angular gap probability estimates
For. Ecol. Manage. 340 , 103 - 113