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Title (Primary) Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus load reduction on benthic phosphorus release in a riverine lake
Author Grüneberg, B; Dadi, T.; Lindim, C.; Fischer, H.;
Journal Biogeochemistry
Year 2015
Department SEEFO;
Volume 123
Issue 1-2
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
Keywords P budget; Diffusive flux; Benthic chamber; P pool; Temporary storage; Nitrate
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract The Lower Havel in Berlin is a polymictic riverine lake, thermally stratified for some days or weeks in summer. It is characterized by a relatively high mean total phosphorus concentration (145 µg l−1) and frequent cyanobacteria mass development in summer. We quantified the potentially mobile P pool in sediments, determined P fluxes based on conventional dialysis sampler-, gel probe- and benthic chamber measurements, and combined this with column experiments and P budget calculations to evaluate whether a) a reduction of P loading would be counterbalanced by P release from sediment, and b) release of redox sensitive P would even increase with reduction of nitrogen loading. The potentially mobile P pool was relatively small (228 t) compared to mean annual external load (190 t a−1) and gross P release (1.2–36 mg m−2 day−1), and was thus of little relevance for long-term P availability. Despite 38 % of P in the sediment being redox sensitive, the seasonal course of P gross release was mainly driven by redox independent organic matter mineralization of diagenetically young surface sediment. Under anoxic conditions, P release was higher than under oxic conditions and to some extent controlled by nitrate under laboratory conditions. However, ambient nitrate availability was too low to affect P release which was more dependent on mineralization and Fe availability than on redox. Therefore, the Lower Havel would benefit from P load reduction but internal P loading would be largely unaffected from further N load reduction.
ID 15725
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15725
Grüneberg, B, Dadi, T., Lindim, C., Fischer, H. (2015):
Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus load reduction on benthic phosphorus release in a riverine lake
Biogeochemistry 123 (1-2), 185 - 202