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Title (Primary) Understanding the fate and biological effects of Ag- and TiO2-nanoparticles in the environment: The quest for advanced analytics and interdisciplinary concepts
Author Schaumann, G.E.; Philippe, A.; Bundschuh, M.; Metreveli, G.; Klitzke, S.; Rakcheev, D.; Grün, A.; Kumahor, S.K.; Kühn, M.; Baumann, T.; Lang, F.; Manz, W.; Schulz, R.; Vogel, H.-J.;
Journal Science of the Total Environment
Year 2015
Department BOPHY;
Volume 535
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
Keywords Transport; Aggregation; Analytics; Environment; Aging; Ecotoxicology
UFZ wide themes RU1
Abstract

Engineered inorganic nanoparticles (EINP) from consumers' products and industrial applications, especially silver and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (NP), are emitted into the aquatic and terrestrial environments in increasing amounts. However, the current knowledge on their environmental fate and biological effects is diverse and renders reliable predictions complicated. This review critically evaluates existing knowledge on colloidal aging mechanisms, biological functioning and transport of Ag NP and TiO2 NP in water and soil and it discusses challenges for concepts, experimental approaches and analytical methods in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the processes linking NP fate and effects.

Ag NP undergo dissolution and oxidation with Ag2S as a thermodynamically determined endpoint. Nonetheless, Ag NP also undergo colloidal transformations in the nanoparticulate state and may act as carriers for other substances. Ag NP and TiO2 NP can have adverse biological effects on organisms. Whereas Ag NP reveal higher colloidal stability and mobility, the efficiency of NOM as a stabilizing agent is greater towards TiO2 NP than towards Ag NP, and multivalent cations can dominate the colloidal behavior over NOM. Many of the past analytical obstacles have been overcome just recently. Single particle ICP-MS based methods in combination with field flow fractionation techniques and hydrodynamic chromatography have the potential to fill the gaps currently hampering a comprehensive understanding of fate and effects also at a low field relevant concentrations.

These analytical developments will allow for mechanistically orientated research and transfer to a larger set of EINP. This includes separating processes driven by NP specific properties and bulk chemical properties, categorization of effect-triggering pathways directing the EINP effects towards specific recipients, and identification of dominant environmental parameters triggering fate and effect of EINP in specific ecosystems (e.g. soil, lake, or riverine systems).

ID 15687
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15687
Schaumann, G.E., Philippe, A., Bundschuh, M., Metreveli, G., Klitzke, S., Rakcheev, D., Grün, A., Kumahor, S.K., Kühn, M., Baumann, T., Lang, F., Manz, W., Schulz, R., Vogel, H.-J. (2015):
Understanding the fate and biological effects of Ag- and TiO2-nanoparticles in the environment: The quest for advanced analytics and interdisciplinary concepts
Sci. Total Environ. 535 , 3 - 19