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Title (Primary) Stable H and O isotope variations reveal sources of recharge in Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman
Author Strauch, G.; Al-Mashaikhi, K.S.; Bawain, A.; Knöller, K.; Friesen, J.; Müller, T.;
Journal Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
Year 2014
Department HDG; CATHYD;
Volume 50
Issue 4
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T34;
Keywords deuterium excess; Dhofar mountains; groundwater; hydrogen-2; oxygen-18; recharge; spring water; water cycle
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract Due to the ability of stable water isotopes to characterize the origin of water and connected processes of groundwater recharge, we used the isotope variations of hydrogen and oxygen in different water sources for assessing the recharge process in the Dhofar region. δ18O and δ2H of precipitation, spring water, and groundwater cover a range from −10 to +2 and from −70 to +7 ‰ (vs Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water), respectively, and correlate in a linear relationship close to the Global Meteoric Water Line. No obvious evaporation processes are detected. A clear signal of the recent precipitation is given by the annual monsoon. The monsoon signal is confirmed by several springs existing in the south at the foot of the Dhofar mountains and sources at Gogub above 450 m and Tawi Atir at 650 m above sea level. They occur here first in the form of water intercepted by trees as stemflow and throughflow. The isotope signature of groundwater in the Dhofar mountains reflects the climatic conditions at the time of recharge and the lithological features of the limestone matrix. To the north, the isotope patterns of the groundwater are continuously depleted from the monsoon signal along the outcropping aquifer D (Lower Umm Er Radhuma). Here, a more negative signature towards the wells in the Najd desert region was observed. Cyclone water that flooded wadis in the Dhofar region occasionally, as observed in November 2011, falls isotopically into the same range as we observed in the fossil groundwater. Taking into account the different sources of precipitation and groundwater and thus a clear distinction of the isotopic composition of the water sources, we conclude a recharge process divided into a southward and a northward component in the Dhofar region.
ID 15538
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Strauch, G., Al-Mashaikhi, K.S., Bawain, A., Knöller, K., Friesen, J., Müller, T. (2014):
Stable H and O isotope variations reveal sources of recharge in Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman
Isot. Environ. Health Stud. 50 (4), 475 - 490