Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01015.x
Title (Primary) Colour morph related performance in the meadow grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus (Orthoptera, Acrididae)
Author Unsicker, S.B.; Köhler, G.; Linz, J.; Stein, C.; Weisser, W.W.
Source Titel Ecological Entomology
Year 2008
Department BZF
Volume 33
Issue 5
Page From 631
Page To 637
Language englisch
Keywords Central Europe; extensively managed grasslands; plant species richness; reproductive success
Abstract 1. Polymorphism has been described for a number of herbivorous insects, but little is known about whether differences in body colour cause fitness differences. In Chorthippus parallelus, three main colour morphs occur, namely brown, green, and dorsally striped.2. The present study examined colour morph abundances and morph-related differences in body size, oviposition rate, and offspring numbers in females of C. parallelus collected in 15 montane grasslands. The study also examined the effect of plant species richness, composition, community productivity, and solar radiation on colour morph frequency and fitness.3. The relative frequencies of the three colour morphs was 31.7% (brown), 33.1% (green), and 35.2% (dorsally striped), but the morphs were not evenly distributed across the 15 sites.4. There was no effect of the habitat variables on the distribution of the green and the striped morph in the study sites, however 80% of the variation in the abundances of the brown morph was explained by plant species richness and composition.5. Grasshopper size was equal among the morphs. Brown females laid significantly more egg pods than the green and dorsally striped morphs. There were no significant differences in offspring numbers among the colour morphs.6. Body colour in C. parallelus seems to be a fitness-relevant trait, raising the question of the evolutionary maintenance of polymorphism.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Unsicker, S.B., Köhler, G., Linz, J., Stein, C., Weisser, W.W. (2008):
Colour morph related performance in the meadow grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus (Orthoptera, Acrididae)
Ecol. Entomol. 33 (5), 631 - 637 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01015.x